Scope and Contents
An in-depth view of 18th-century Philadelphia with especial emphasis on legal matters in which Burd, Hubley, Patterson, Schall and Shippen family members participated. The main protagonists were Edward Shippen, Sr., Edward Shippen, Jr., and Edward Burd. Some of the most prominent people in 18th-century Philadelphia are represented here as well.
Biographical / Historical
Edward Shippen Sr. (1703-1781) was born in Boston, MA and died in Lancaster, PA. In 1725, he married Sarah Plumly. He was in business with James Logan in 1732 and later with Thomas Lawrence in the fur-trade business. In 1744, he was elected mayor of Philadelphia. From 1745 and for several years, he was a judge of the Court of Common Pleas. In 1752, he moved to Lancaster where he served as a prothonotary (chief clerk of a court, including recorder of deeds) until 1778. Shippen was also paymaster for supplies for British and Provincial forces, a county judge under the provincial government. He founded Shippensburg College and was a founder of the College of NJ (Princeton), Pennsylvania Hospital and the American Philosophical Society, an original subscriber to the University of Pennsylvania and was the first chief justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court.
Edward Shippen Jr. (1728/9-1806) was born and died in Philadelphia. At the age of 17, he began to study law, completing his studies in London at the Middle Temple. He was admitted to the bar in Philadelphia in 1750. He was appointed judge of the Vice-Admiralty in 1752, prothonotary of the Supreme Court from 1762-76, a member of the Provincial Council from 1770-75. He became the president judge of the Court of Common Pleas in 1784 and simultaneously, judge of the Court of Error and Appeals from 1784-1806. He was made justice for the dock ward in Philadelphia in 1785, president of the Court of Quarter Sessions of Peace and Oyer and Terminer in 1785, Associate Justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court from 1791-99 and Chief Justice of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court from 1799-1805. He was a treasurer of the College of Philadelphia (University of Pennsylvania) in 1764 and
was a trustee of the university from 1791-1800 wrote the first law reports in Pennsylvania in 1790 and received an LL.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. Shippen Jr. often worked on behalf of his father, both in business and personal matters.
Edward Burd (1750/1-1833) was a lawyer, practicing in Reading, Pa. until 1776 when he joined the colonial army as a volunteer. Appointed to the High Court of Errors and Appeals, he was also Prothonotary of the Pennsylvania Supreme Court until 1805.
James B. Hubley (b. 1788) was a practicing attorney for the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania held at Lancaster. The Bank of PA was founded in 1781.
(Information from Appleton’s Cyclopedia, University of Delaware website and internal evidence)