Scope and Contents note
This collection is arranged under three headings: Lake Mohonk Conferences, Papers of Daniel Smiley, and Miscellaneous. Under each of these headings, the arrangement is chronological, by year, and alphabetical under each year. The table of contents of the Lake Mohonk Conferences has been made more than usually detailed, in an effort to help the researcher screen the material. In general, where anything of importance is said on a special topic, a parenthetical note is given. If an entry has no note, or is simply marked. [To and from], this indicates that the writer was probably invited to attend and perhaps represents a certain category of people (as, for instance, the Government superintendents of the Indian reservations, many of whom were invited each year, but comparatively few of whom were able to attend.)
Papers consist of correspondence, printed documents, clippings, maps, and photographs and include the archives of the Lake Mohonk Indian Conferences for the uplifting of the American Indian, Filipino, Hawaiian, "Negro," and Puerto Rican peoples, sponsored by Albert Keith Smiley and Daniel Smiley from 1883 to 1929. In 1983, the centennial of the first Indian Conference was celebrated at Lake Mohonk and memorabilia from that event is included in the collection; also, private archives of Daniel Smiley, as a member of the U.S. Board of Indian Commissioners, 1912-1930; also, a small group of miscellaneous family items. In addition to extensive material in both sets of archives on Indians all over the United States, Daniel Smiley's papers contain a special file (ca. 142 items) on Indians in New York State. Correspondents include representative Indians, Filipinos, Hawaiians, and Puerto Ricans and leading American clergymen, missionaries, ethnologists, educators, editors, doctors, military men, and Government officials of the period. A few of the outstanding ones are the following:
American Indians: Reverend Henry Roe Cloud, Dr. Charles Eastman, Dr. Carlos Montezuma, Francis La Flesche: Filipinos: Manuel Quezon, Benito Legarda; Hawaiians: Prince Jonah Kalanianaole, Gov. Sanford B. Dole: Puerto Ricans: Martin Travieso, Tulio Larrinaga; American clergymen: Dr. Samuel A. Eliot, Rev. S. Parkes Cadman; American missionaries: Reverend and Mrs. Walter C. Roe, Rt. Rev. Charles Henry Brent; Ethnologists: James M. Mooney, Alice C. Fletcher, of the Smithsonian Institution; Educators: Dr. Elmer Ellsworth Brown, Dr. Charles W. Eliot: Editors: Reverend Lyman Abbott, Hamilton Wright Mabie: Doctors: Bailey K. Ashford, Victor G. Heiser, Luther H. Gulick: Military: Gens. Hugh Lenox Scott, Arthur MacArthur, George W. Davis, John J. Pershing: Admiral George Dewey: Government Officials: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft. Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Alfred E. Smith.
Albert Keith Smiley (1828-1912) was born in Vassalboro, Maine, the son of Quakers Daniel Smiley and Phebe Howland Smiley. He graduated from Haverford College in 1848 and was an instructor at the college for 5 years. In 1857, Smiley married Eliza Cornell. From 1853 to 1860 he served as the principal at Oak Grove Seminary; from 1860-1879, he was teacher, later principal at Friends School in Providence, Rhode Island In 1879, Smiley was appointed to the Board of Indian Commissioners by President Hayes. Smiley was one of the organizers of a series of conferences at Lake Mohonk in New York to discuss Native Americans, African Americans and peace issues which were held from 1885 to 1930.
Biographical information from the Dictionary of Quaker Biography, biographical sketches in typescript, Special Collections, Haverford College Library.