This collection is arranged under three headings: Lake Mohonk Conferences, Papers of Daniel Smiley, and Miscellaneous. Under each of these headings, the arrangement is chronological, by year, and alphabetical under each year. The table of contents of the Lake Mohonk Conferences has been made more than usually detailed, in an effort to help the researcher screen the material. In general, where anything of importance is said on a special topic, a parenthetical note is given. If an entry has no note, or is simply marked. [To and from], this indicates that the writer was probably invited to attend and perhaps represents a certain category of people (as, for instance, the Government superintendents of the Indian reservations, many of whom were invited each year, but comparatively few of whom were able to attend.)
Papers consist of correspondence, printed documents, clippings, maps, and photographs and include the archives of the Lake Mohonk Indian Conferences for the uplifting of the American Indian, Filipino, Hawaiian, "Negro," and Puerto Rican peoples, sponsored by Albert Keith Smiley and Daniel Smiley from 1883 to 1929. In 1983, the centennial of the first Indian Conference was celebrated at Lake Mohonk and memorabilia from that event is included in the collection; also, private archives of Daniel Smiley, as a member of the U.S. Board of Indian Commissioners, 1912-1930; also, a small group of miscellaneous family items. In addition to extensive material in both sets of archives on Indians all over the United States, Daniel Smiley's papers contain a special file (ca. 142 items) on Indians in New York State. Correspondents include representative Indians, Filipinos, Hawaiians, and Puerto Ricans and leading American clergymen, missionaries, ethnologists, educators, editors, doctors, military men, and Government officials of the period. A few of the outstanding ones are the following:
American Indians: Reverend Henry Roe Cloud, Dr. Charles Eastman, Dr. Carlos Montezuma, Francis La Flesche: Filipinos: Manuel Quezon, Benito Legarda; Hawaiians: Prince Jonah Kalanianaole, Gov. Sanford B. Dole: Puerto Ricans: Martin Travieso, Tulio Larrinaga; American clergymen: Dr. Samuel A. Eliot, Rev. S. Parkes Cadman; American missionaries: Reverend and Mrs. Walter C. Roe, Rt. Rev. Charles Henry Brent; Ethnologists: James M. Mooney, Alice C. Fletcher, of the Smithsonian Institution; Educators: Dr. Elmer Ellsworth Brown, Dr. Charles W. Eliot: Editors: Reverend Lyman Abbott, Hamilton Wright Mabie: Doctors: Bailey K. Ashford, Victor G. Heiser, Luther H. Gulick: Military: Gens. Hugh Lenox Scott, Arthur MacArthur, George W. Davis, John J. Pershing: Admiral George Dewey: Government Officials: Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft. Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Alfred E. Smith.