Martha Routh (1743-1817) was born on June 25, 1743 in Stourbridge, Worcestershire, England, the youngest child of Henry and Jane Winter. Routh became a teacher in a Friends boarding school in Nottingham at seventeen, and by twenty four, was the principal. Routh was recognized a minister in 1773. She married Richard Routh of Manchester on August 7, 1776 at Nottingham. Between 1776 and 1787, she traveled through England, Scotland, and Wales. In 1789, she travelled throughout Ireland. Routh travelled to the United States for the first time in 1794, where she visited Friends in New England, and went on to visit Friends in Virginia, North Carolina, Ohio, and Kansas.
During her return voyage to England in 1797, Routh's ship was attacked by French privateers. Routh made another Journey to the United States in 1804, where her husband Richard died. After a year, Routh again returned to England.
Routh died at Spitalfields, London, on July 18, 1817, after attending the London Yearly Meeting.