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Archives & Manuscripts

Henry Simmons journals

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-975-01-072
This collection is composed of four volumes of Henry Simmons's journals, the majority of which are related to time Simmons spent with the Oneida and Seneca tribes. In addition to the four handwritten journals, the collection includes two photocopies of Simmons's 1796-1797 journal (vol 1), and a single typed transcript of Simmons's 1799 journal (vol 2).

Dates

  • 1796-1800

Creator

Access Restrictions

The collection is open to research use.

Use Restrictions

Standard Federal Copyright Law Applies (U.S. Title 17).

Extent

0.1 Linear Feet (4 volumes)

Biographical note

Henry Simmons (1768-1807) was born on September 15, 1768 to Henry Simmons Sr. and Mary Paxson, the youngest of the five children of Henry and Mary. Before he was a year old, Simmons's mother died, and his father married Sarah Dun. Simmons's father and step mother went on to have eight more children. Despite Simmons's relative lack of formal education in his youth, as a result of being among the elder of the eleven children in the family, he went on to be a school teacher on the Oneida reservation from 1796-1797, and at Cornplanter's village from 1798-1799.

Henry Simmons belonged to the Middletown Monthly Meeting, where he first expressed his desire to help the Indians. After Middletown Monthly Meeting found Simmons suitable for missionary work, he was given a certificate from that meeting, recommending him for missionary service to the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Indian Committee. Along with Halliday Jackson and Joel Swayne, Simmons spent a year with the Seneca near Cornplanter's village, where the group of missionaries set up a school and model farm.

Henry Simmons married Rachel Preston in 1800, and the couple had four children; Deborah (b. 1804), John (b. 1803), Hannah (b. 1806), Henryetta (b. 1808). Simmons died in Pennsylvania in 1807.

Acquisition

Unknown.

Related Materials

  • MC 950.101 Halliday Jackson papers
  • MC 950.135 Native Americans speeches
  • MC 950.302 Correspondence
  • MC 975.01.069 Joshua Sharpless diaries
  • MC 975.01.078 Joel Swayne diary
  • MC 975.02.019 Henry Simmons letterbooks
  • MC 975.03.054 Henry Simmons commonplace book
  • MC 975.07.132 "Account of a visit paid to the Indians in New York State
  • MC 1003 Associated Executive Committee of Friends on Indian Affairs

Processing Information

Processed by Kara Flynn; completed July 2015.
Title
Henry Simmons journals, 1796-1800
Author
Kara Flynn
Date
July 2015
Description rules
dacs
Language of description
English

Find It at the Library

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Contact:
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Haverford PA 19041 USA US