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Archives & Manuscripts

Convention of Delegates from the Seven Yearly Meetings (Hicksite) on Indian Affairs. Executive Central Committee Records

 Collection
Identifier: SFHL-RG4-017

Scope and Contents

This collection contains the records of the Executive Committee of the Convention of Delegates from the Seven Yearly Meetings (Hicksite) Indian Affairs, 1869-1884. In includes correspondence and reports of Indian agents, extracts from minutes and reports, financial records, legislative documents, and printed materials published by the convention. Persons represented include William Burgess, John G. Gasmann, Albert L. Green, Samuel M. Janney, M.B. Kent, Thomas Lightfoot, William H. Macy, Dillwyn Parrish, B. Rush Roberts, Joseph Webster, Barclay White, and Howard White.

Dates

  • 1869-1884

Creator

Limitations on Accessing the Collection

Collection is open for research.

Limitations on Accessing the Collection

The collection is open for research.

Copyright and Rights Information

Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.

Biographical / Historical

The Convention of Delegates was an association of seven Hicksite Yearly Meetings who managed Indian affairs in the Northern Superintendency during the period of President U.S. Grant's “Peace Policy.” In 1867, a conference was held in Baltimore of the Indian Committees of Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, Genesee, Ohio, and Indiana Yearly Meetings, which sent a memorial to the Government expressing willingness to serve with the Indians in the West.

In 1869, President U.S. Grant announced his “Peace Policy.” Hicksite Friends were given control of the Northern Superintendency. This area covered most of the present State of Nebraska, including seven tribes on six reservations with an Indian population of about 6,000.

General conferences were attended by delegates of six Hicksite Yearly Meetings (seven when Illinois was organized in 1875) to consider the various problems throughout the period of active participation with the Government. In 1871, the Convention decided to appoint a Central Executive Committee to represent the Yearly Meetings in the intervals between the general conferences. B. Rush Roberts was Secretary of this body, and Dillwyn Parrish succeeded him. Samuel M. Janney was placed in charge as Superintendent of Indian Affairs in the Northern Superintendency.

When he retired in the fall of 1871, he was replaced by Barclay White of New Jersey. In 1876, White received orders from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs to close his office, ostensibly for financial reasons. Friends who continued as Indian Agents reported directly to the Commissioner in Washington. With government approval, the Conference named Barclay White as Friends Special Indian Agent to periodically visit and inspect the reservations from 1877 to 1878.

The decline of participation in the Convention was relative to the decreasing role of Hicksite Friends in the management of the Northern Superintendency. The official relationship of the Society of Friends with the Federal Government deteriorated after the election of Hayes in 1877. Between 1877 and 1882, the reform efforts of the Department of the Interior, which intended to reassert government, produced numerous investigations, and all but one of the Quaker Agents resigned. By 1885, Quaker assistance and oversight was limited to the Santee Sioux Agency.

Extent

1.5 Linear Feet (3 boxes)

Language

English

Overview

The Convention of Delegates was an association of seven Hicksite Yearly Meetings who managed Indian affairs in the Northern Superintendency during the period of President U.S. Grant's “Peace Policy.” The collection contains correspondence and reports of Indian agents, extracts from minutes and reports, financial records, legislative documents, and printed materials published by the convention. Persons represented include William Burgess, John G. Gasmann, Albert L. Green, Samuel M. Janney, M.B. Kent, Thomas Lightfoot, William H. Macy, Dillwyn Parrish, B. Rush Roberts, Joseph Webster, Barclay White, and Howard White.

Arrangement

The collection is organized into 6 series. The series are:
  1. Minutes
  2. Correspondence
  3. Reports
  4. Financial Records
  5. Miscellaneous
  6. Committees
For current information on the location of materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Physical Location

For current information on the location of materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donor: Mount Holly Monthly Meeting

Date: before 1940

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Received before 1940. Ser.6 (only) received with Mount Holly Monthly Meeting records

Related Materials

RG2/Phy Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. Indian Committee and Indian Aid Association

RG2/By Baltimore Yearly Meeting. Standing Committee on Indian Concern.

Other Related Collections in Friends Historical Library: Green Mss.; Lightfoot Mss.; Truman Mss.; Janney (Samuel M.) Mss.; Mss. Journals, White (Barclay).

Separated Materials

Gray's New Map of Hampton [VA], 1878 has been transferred to MAPS-H

Processing Information

Catalogued and stored in Record Group 4. Refoldered, 1988.

Creator

Title
An Inventory of the Records of the Executive Central Committee of the Convention of Delegates from the Seven Yearly Meetings (Hicksite) on Indian Affairs, 1869-1884
Author
FHL staff
Date
1988
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Sponsor
Encoding made possible by a grant by the Gladys Kriebel Delmas Foundation to the Philadelphia Consortium of Special Collections Libraries

Find It at the Library

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