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Archives & Manuscripts

Lewis-Fussell Family Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SFHL-RG5-087
The collection contains correspondence, journals, other writings, account books, albums, photographs, and miscellaneous notes of members of the Lewis and Fussell families of Chester and Delaware Counties in Pennsylvania. Includes the papers and drawings of Graceanna Lewis, prominent Quaker natural scientist and social reformer. Educated at the Kimberton Boarding School, she also taught at a number of female seminaries, including a boarding school managed by her uncle, Bartholomew Fussell, and the Foster School for Girls at Clifton Springs, N.Y. Of particular interest is her correspondence with a cousin concerning phrenology and a school for black children in which he was teaching, and her manuscript memoirs of the Underground Railroad. The collection also includes the correspondence (1836-90) of Henry B. Fussell, with his observations on politics and the Civil War, and that of Linnaeus Fussell, with descriptions of his travels in China and in other parts of Asia from 1867-69 while aboard the U.S.S. Unadilla. The early life of the artist, Charles Lewis Fussell is mentioned in the correspondence of his mother, Rebecca Lewis Fussell; the letters of the former are also part of this collection. Other correspondents include Rebecca F. Trimble, Esther Jane Trimble, Esther Lewis, Henry M. Fussell, Rebecca L. Fussell, and many other family members.

Dates

  • 1698-1978

Creator

Limitations on Accessing the Collection

Collection is open for research.

Copyright and Rights Information

Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.

Extent

6 Linear Feet (12 boxes)

Overview

Bartholomew Fussell was a Quaker minister who married Rebecca Bond at Abington Monthly Meeting in Pennsylvania in 1781. He was a member of Uwchlan Monthly Meeting of Friends at his death in 1838. The couple had eight children, viz. Esther, William, Sarah, Joseph, Jacob, Bartholomew, Rebecca, and Solomon. Esther married John Lewis in 1818, and they had four children, among whom was Graceanna Lewis, Quaker scientist and humanitarian. Joseph Fussell married Elizabeth Moore in 1814, and their eldest son, Henry Bartholomew, married Maria Lewis. Rebecca Fussell married Joseph Trimble in 1837, and their only daughter, Esther Jane, married Isaac Lippincott. The collection contains correspondence, journals, other writings, account books, albums, photographs, and miscellaneous notes of members of the Lewis and Fussell families of Chester and Delaware Counties in Pennsylvania. Includes the papers and drawings of Graceanna Lewis, prominent Quaker natural scientist and social reformer. Educated at the Kimberton Boarding School, she also taught at a number of female seminaries, including a boarding school managed by her uncle, Bartholomew Fussell, and the Foster School for Girls at Clifton Springs, N.Y. Of particular interest is her correspondence with a cousin concerning phrenology and a school for black children in which he was teaching, and her manuscript memoirs of the Underground Railroad. The collection also includes the correspondence (1836-90) of Henry B. Fussell, with his observations on politics and the Civil War, and that of Linnaeus Fussell, with descriptions of his travels in China and in other parts of Asia from 1867-69 while aboard the U.S.S. Unadilla. The early life of the artist, Charles Lewis Fussell is mentioned in the correspondence of his mother, Rebecca Lewis Fussell; the letters of the former are also part of this collection. Other correspondents include Rebecca F. Trimble, Esther Jane Trimble, Esther Lewis, Henry M. Fussell, Rebecca L. Fussell, and many other family members.

Biographical / Historical

Bartholomew Fussell was a Quaker minister who married Rebecca Bond at Abington Monthly Meeting in Pennsylvania in 1781. He was a member of Uwchlan Monthly Meeting of Friends at his death in 1838. The couple had eight children, viz. Esther, William, Sarah, Joseph, Jacob, Bartholomew, Rebecca, and Solomon. Esther married John Lewis in 1818, and they had four children, among whom was Graceanna Lewis, Quaker scientist and humanitarian. Joseph Fussell married Elizabeth Moore in 1814, and their eldest son, Henry Bartholomew, married Maria Lewis. Rebecca Fussell married Joseph Trimble in 1837, and their only daughter, Esther Jane, married Isaac Lippincott.

  • 1840s-1860s Graceanna Lewis (1821-1912) is the most prominent of the members of the Lewis and Fussell families included in this collection. Her mother, Esther Fussell Lewis (1782-1848), and later for a time Graceanna herself managed the family farm near Kimberton, Chester County, Pennsylvania. Educated at Kimberton Boarding School, Graceanna at various times supported herself as a schoolteacher, beginning in York, Pa., from 1842-1844 where she taught at a boarding school for girls managed by her uncle, Bartholomew Fussell.
  • 1869-1970 While she was devoted to social reform, working for abolition of slavery, temperance, and women's rights, by the 1860s her efforts were directed mostly to the sciences, especially ornithology and botany. After intensive studies in the sciences in the 1860s in Philadelphia, Graceanna Lewis was elected to the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia in 1870.
  • 1868, 1877, 1883-1885 She applied unsuccessfully for teaching posts in 1868 and 1877 at Vassar College after which she resumed teaching at preparatory schools, including the Foster School for Girls at Clifton Springs, N.Y. from 1883-85.
  • 1885 on In 1885 Graceanna Lewis retired to Media, Pa., where she spent her remaining years. She applied her artistic talents to her study of science, and the Lewis Papers contain many of her drawings of plants and birds.
Not all members of the Fussell and Lewis families were so devoted to science and social reform. Henry Bartholomew Fussell (1815-1890) was keenly interested in politics, and his letters contain observations on the Civil War and later on support for Republican leaders. Linnaeus Fussell (1842-1907) joined the Union army but soon became a Navy doctor. Many of his letters describe his travels while in the Navy, especially in China and other parts of Asia, 1867-69, while aboard the U.S.S. Unadilla. A few letters mention the Darien expedition (near Panama) in 1871. The early pioneer life of the artist Charles Lewis Fussell (1840-1909) is mentioned in the correspondence of his mother, Rebecca Lewis Fussell (1820-1893). Charles Lewis Fussell joined the Union Colony in Greeley, Colorado in 1870.
1840s-1860s
Graceanna Lewis (1821-1912) is the most prominent of the members of the Lewis and Fussell families included in this collection. Her mother, Esther Fussell Lewis (1782-1848), and later for a time Graceanna herself managed the family farm near Kimberton, Chester County, Pennsylvania. Educated at Kimberton Boarding School, Graceanna at various times supported herself as a schoolteacher, beginning in York, Pa., from 1842-1844 where she taught at a boarding school for girls managed by her uncle, Bartholomew Fussell.
1869-1970
While she was devoted to social reform, working for abolition of slavery, temperance, and women's rights, by the 1860s her efforts were directed mostly to the sciences, especially ornithology and botany. After intensive studies in the sciences in the 1860s in Philadelphia, Graceanna Lewis was elected to the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia in 1870.
1868, 1877, 1883-1885
She applied unsuccessfully for teaching posts in 1868 and 1877 at Vassar College after which she resumed teaching at preparatory schools, including the Foster School for Girls at Clifton Springs, N.Y. from 1883-85.
1885 on
In 1885 Graceanna Lewis retired to Media, Pa., where she spent her remaining years. She applied her artistic talents to her study of science, and the Lewis Papers contain many of her drawings of plants and birds.

Arrangement

The collection is divided into nine series:
  1. Biographical and genealogical
  2. Correspondence
  3. Drawings
  4. Diaries
  5. Writings
  6. Albums and account books
  7. Photographs
  8. Miscellaneous
  9. Relics

Physical Location

For current information on the location of materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donor: Purchase, 1980

The collection was purchased from Sarah Fussell Macaulay who arranged and annotated the papers.

Separated Materials

Oversize drawings (see Ser. 3), originally part of the collection, are now contained in Chart Case 3.

General

  1. Deborah Jean Warner, Graceanna Lewis: Scientist and Humanitarian (1979). BX 7796. L677W2

Processing Information

Letters and papers of the Lewis and Fussell families were arranged and annotated by Sarah Fussell Macaulay. Papers arranged, stored in documents boxes in Record Group 5. Sarah Fussell Macaulay's annotations photocopied on acid-free paper and placed with corresponding letters and documents.
Title
An Inventory of the Lewis-Fussell Family Papers, 1698-1978
Author
FHL staff
Date
1980
Language of description
English
Sponsor
Encoding made possible by a grant by the Gladys Kriebel Delmas Foundation to the Philadelphia Consortium of Special Collections Libraries

Revision Statements

  • 2016: This electronic finding aid was updated in Summer 2016 by Abdulrezak Kemal in preparation for importing into ArchivesSpace, to conform to current markup standards and the ArchivesSpace data model.

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