Biographical / Historical
Dorothy Canfield Fisher was a famous American author in the early 20th century and a major proponent of the Montessori Method. She spent her adult life in Vermont, where she became friends with Sarah Cleghorn. Sarah Cleghorn was a Quaker author and activist from Vermont who did collaborative work with Fisher. In 1943, Cleghorn moved to Philadelphia. Anna Pettit Broomell took care of her as her health declined and edited Cleghorn's poetry in 1956. Broomell was a Quaker author of children’s books; the introduction to her most successful volume was written by Dorothy Canfield Fisher in 1935.
Dorothy Canfield Fisher was born on February 17, 1879, in Lawrence, Kansas. Mrs. Fisher received her BA from The Ohio State University in 1899 and her doctoral degree in Romance Languages in 1904 from Columbia University. She also received honorary degrees from Dartmouth College, the University of Nebraska, Middlebury, Swarthmore, Smith, Williams, Ohio State University, and the University of Vermont. She married John Redwood Fisher in 1907, with whom she had two children. Her son James was a captain and surgeon during World War II and died during a raid in the Philippines in 1944. There is material about her son and his death in this collection. Mrs. Fisher died in 1958 in Arlington, Vermont at the age of 79.
Sarah Cleghorn was born on February 4, 1876, in Norfolk, Virginia. She lived in Wisconsin and Minnesota before moving to Vermont at the age of 9. In 1895, she graduated from Burr and Burton Seminary in Manchester, Vermont and also studied at Radcliffe College. She began her teaching career and activism in 1915 and was an activist for many causes throughout her life. She moved to Philadelphia in 1943 and died in 1959.
Anna Pettit Broomell was born on December 3, 1887, and graduated from Swarthmore College in 1907. She earned a M.A. from Columbia University and married George Lupton Broomell, Swarthmore Class of 1906, with whom she had two children. She lived in Philadelphia her whole life and died in 1972.