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Archives & Manuscripts

Friends World College Records

 Collection
Identifier: SFHL-RG4-082

Scope and Contents

Contains the records of Friends World College including the early history of the College and minutes of the Committee on a Friends College and the Trustees of the College, 1958-1982, as well as records relating to the transfer and sale of assets and the resulting lawsuits. The bound volumes, compiled by George L. Nicklin, contain minutes, correspondence, and related papers. George Nicklin’s topical files and records of Pax Amicus, the group which opposed the merger and loss of College assets, also are in the collection. Also included the records of Friends World College Association, a Quaker advisory board, which was reactivated in 1996

Organized in six series:
  1. History
  2. Minutes
  3. Correspondence and legal papers
  4. Topical files compiled by George Nicklin
  5. Pax Amicus/World College Defense Fund
  6. Friends World College Association

Dates

  • 1958-2001

Creator

Limitations on Accessing the Collection

Collection is open for research.

Copyright and Rights Information

Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in to the Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf Friends Historical Library as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by reader.

Biographical / Historical

Friends World College was conceived as an accredited, co-educational, degree-granting liberal arts college combining a residence program with the opportunity for foreign travel and study. Planned as a "college without walls," it was sponsored by the New York Yearly Meeting and opened in September 1965. It was merged into Long Island University in 1991.

It began with a proposal made by George L. Nicklin, M.D., in 1958 to the New York Yearly Meeting for a new college to be formed on Quaker principles and incorporating the social ideals of the era. George Nicklin, a psychiatrist by vocation, was a convinced Friend, Haverford College Class of 1947, and a member of Shelter Island Monthly Meeting. A committee on a Friends College was established. In the summer of 1963, a six-week experimental summer program was directed by Harold Taylor, and in 1964, Morris Mitchell was hired by the NYYM as the first president.

In 1965, the NYYM approved the opening of a Friends World Institute program and the State of New York issued a provisional charter for a non-degree granting program. The first classes opened in September 1965 with forty-one students at a temporary home campus located at Mitchel Garden, Westbury, in Nassau County, New York.

In 1968 the Institute was granted a provisional charter as Friends World College, permitting it to grant the Bachelor of Arts degree. Within the next few years, programs were established in Asia, Europe, Africa, Latin America, and rural Canada, and the home campus was moved to Lloyd Harbor, Huntington, NY. However, the College was unable to establish a secure financial base, and student enrollment remained undependable because the drop-out rate was high. The maximum enrollment was reached in 1972, with two hundred-fifty students. In keeping with its experimental nature, from 1970-80, the College was guided by an administrative structure known as a "Troika," composed of three representatives, a student, faculty and administrative member.

In 1975, FWC became legally independent of the New York Yearly Meeting, and the Friends World College Association was established. The members of the Association were Quakers, and it served in a support and advisory role for the College and Board of Trustees, responsible for monitoring the Quaker character of the College. New York Yearly Meeting established a Liaison Committee composed of members of the Yearly Meeting who served on the Association. In 1984, the College instituted a controversial Judaic Studies program with Hasidic students. This became an important source of revenue for the College until it was challenged by the State of New York in 1987, creating new financial problems.

Burdened by continuing financial pressures and mismanagement, by 1990 Trustees of the College were considering the merger of FWC into Long Island University. In May 1991, the New York Yearly Meeting Trustees declared that the College was laid down and the assets revert to New York Yearly Meeting. The FWC Board approved the transfer of assets from FWC to LIU as an endowment in 1991; this transfer was opposed by the Friends World College Association and a group of concerned Friends who named themselves the Friends World Defense Fund and subsequently Pax Amicus. A lengthy and bitter legal battle followed.

No longer associated with the Society of Friends, Friends World Program continues as a program of international independent study as part of Long Island University.

Extent

10 Linear Feet (8 boxes and 35 volumes)

Language

English

Overview

Friends World College was conceived as an accredited, co-educational, degree-granting liberal arts college combining a residence program with the opportunity for foreign travel and study. Planned as a "college without walls," it was sponsored by the New York Yearly Meeting and opened in September 1965. The College flourished in the 1960s counterculture environment, but ran into financial difficulties in the 1970s. While much of its support came from Quakers, in 1975 it became officially non-sectarian. It was merged into Long Island University in 1991. The collection contains the records of Friends World College, 1958-1992, compiled for New York Yearly Meeting by George Nicklin; correspondence and legal papers concerning the transfer and sale of assets and the resulting lawsuits; topical files of George Nicklin; and his records on Pax Amicus, the group which opposed the merger and loss of College assets. Also included the records of Friends World College Association, a Quaker advisory board, which was reactivated in 1996.

Physical Location

For current information on the location of materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Donor: New York Yearly Meeting, 1997

Donor: George Nicklin, 2004 (Acc.2004-018)

Donor: Rosa Covington Packard, 2005 (Acc.2005-017)_

Related Materials

RG2/ New York Yearly Meeting Records

RG5/247 Ruth Ringenbach, Friends World College Papers

PG 2, FHL Reference file on Friends World College

RG4/116 Mary-Cushing Niles, Friends World College Papers.

PA 100/Schools: Friends World College photographs, 1960s

Separated Materials

Cassette tape labeled "4/23/93 G. Nicklin and Vincent Razzino CPA on F.W.C." included in George Nicklin deposit, removed to FHL Cassette Tapes.

Processing Information

The records were included in the transfer of records from New York Yearly Meeting to Friends Historical Library in 1997. Placed in Record Group 4 and stored in boxes and as bound volumes. In 2004, additional records concerning Friends World College and the group Pax Amicus were deposited by George Nicklin. These records were added to the collection and a new finding aid created in 2005. A cassette tape labeled “4/23/93 G. Nicklin and Vincent Razzino, CPA on F.W.C.” removed to audio-visual. In 2007, records of Friends World College Association were processed and added to the collection.

Creator

Title
Finding aid for Friends World College Records, 1958-2001
Author
FHL staff
Date
2007
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Undetermined
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
English

Find It at the Library

Most of the materials in this catalog are not digitized and can only be accessed in person. Please see our website for more information about visiting Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College Library

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Swarthmore Pennsylvania 19081 USA