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Archives & Manuscripts

Josiah P. Marvel collected Quaker Emergency Service records

 Collection
Identifier: SFHL-SC-221
Collection contains primarily Marvel's files on the wartime projects of the Quaker Emergency Service, 1942-1945, and its postwar Civilian Readjustment Committee, including typed minutes, 1947-1961. Also includes papers concerning the Spears Mobile Clinic which operated in Syria with the help of the Friends Ambulance Unit, including a typescript describing the mission; the dispersal of French funds, 1954-1958, raised by Mme. de la Noue for her Centre Guynemer and deposited with the Quaker Emergency Service in 1948; and the file of Katherine Cook, secretary, concerning the distribution of Service funds in 1961 and 1966.

Dates

  • 1942-1966

Creator

Language of Material

Materials are in English.

Restrictions on Access

This collection is available for research use.

Extent

.1 Linear Feet (.1 linear feet (6 folders.))

Biographical / Historical

Josiah P. Marvel (1896-1959) was a Quaker, born in Indiana and a graduate of Earlham College. He moved to New York City in 1929 and married Elinore Jacobs Strettenheim in 1941. He worked with the AFSC in France in 1940-41 and in 1942 became the chairman of Quaker Emergency Services in New York City. The Quaker Emergency Service was founded in January 1942 by members of the combined Peace and Service Committees of the two New York Monthly Meetings. Offering alternative service for conscientious objectors, it was authorized by the New York Office of Civilian Defense. After the war, the group formed the Civilian Readjustment Committee/Center and worked with psychiatric institutions. It focused particularly on male homosexuals and sex offenders. The Center was closed in 1951 and remaining funds of Quaker Emergency Services were allocated in 1961.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Source of acquisition--New York Yearly Meeting. Method of acquisition--Gift of; Date of acquisition--1997.

Related Archival Materials

Custodian--For related collections in Friends Historical Library, see MSS003/155, Peace In Our Time[1942], Josiah Marvel's typescript memoir of his service in France, and SC/192, Quaker Emergency Service records..
Title
Josiah P. Marvel collected Quaker Emergency Service records
Description rules
dacs

Revision Statements

  • August 2018: Revised by Susanna Morikawa to clarify title and add related resources

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