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Archives & Manuscripts

Peace Association of Friends in America Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-027
This collection contains correspondence from 1914 through 1935, consisting mostly of carbon copies of outgoing letters sent by Allen D. Hole; scattered meeting minutes and financial reports; and miscellaneous other material that documents various programmatic efforts of the Association. Correspondents include John R. Cary, Theodore Foxworthy, W. Spencer Hadley, Mary Mendenhall Hobbs, Rufus M. Jones, Ray Newton, Levi T. Pennington, and Walter C. Woodward. See on-line library catalog (tripod) for location of periodicals and other publications.

Dates

  • 1868-1944

Creator

Language of Materials

Materials are in English.

Limitations on Accessing the Collection

None.

Copyright and Rights Information

Yes, the boxes with original documents are located off-site, please use the microfilm instead.

Extent

1.5 Linear Feet (1.5 linear ft.)

Overview

The Peace Association of Friends in America was organized in 1867 by Orthodox Friends in the New York, Baltimore, North Carolina, Ohio, Indiana, Western and Iowa Yearly Meetings in reaction to the Civil War, with its mission being to convince Friends and others that war was unchristian, inhumane and unnecessary.

Historical

The Peace Association of Friends in America was organized in 1867 by Orthodox Friends in the New York, Baltimore, North Carolina, Ohio, Indiana, Western and Iowa Yearly Meetings in reaction to the Civil War, with its mission being to convince Friends and others that war was unchristian, inhumane and unnecessary. The Association was incorporated in 1894 and was based in Richmond, Indiana. From that time, the Association was managed by its Board of Directors, consisting of seven members, which were to be chosen by the 13 representatives appointed by the Five Years' Meeting, one from each Yearly Meeting. Subsequently, all the Yearly Meetings of the Five Years' Meeting united in it, and in 1940 it became the Board of the Five Years' Meeting on Peace and Arbitration, or the Peace Board of the Five Years' Meeting. The Association became affiliated with the American Peace Society in 1914.

Daniel Hill was an early president of the Association, when it was headquartered in New Vienna (Ohio), a position he held until his death in 1899. Allen D. Hole was president from 1899 (1900?) to 1927. He was followed by Thomas R. Kelley (October 1927 - December 15, 1928) and William T. Berry (1929-?). Murray S. Kenworthy was chosen as chairman of the Association in 1938.

The Association's major project through the years was the publication of Messenger of Peace. Originating in 1870, it ran as a continuous series through 1889; it was called The Christian Arbitrator and Messenger of Peace from 1891-1894. It was revived again under its original title in 1900 and ran through 1943 (it appeared as a supplement to the American Friend from 1933-1943). Also published was The Messenger from 1889-1899.

Other projects of the Association included publication of tracts and pamphlets, organization of public meetings and lectures, efforts to avert a war with Mexico in 1914, the awarding of prizes for peace essays in contests among high school and college groups, and aiding the Emergency Committee organized by English Friends for the assistance of Germans, Austrians and Hungarians who were in distress from the war.

Arrangement

This collection is organized with correspondence, administrative records, and lastly publications.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Unknown.

Existence and Location of Copies

Yes, on microfilm- 80:1-80:3 The collection was microfilmed by Alpha Systems in May 1979 under N.E.H. Grant #RC-27706-77-739.

Related Materials

For related materials, search the library's online catalog

Separated Materials

Three books from box 4 were removed to the Book Collection (they were not microfilmed): The Primitive Christian's Estimate of War and Self-Defence by Josiah W. Leeds, 1876; Review of the Life of William Ladd by Jacob S. Willets, 1875; and Letters Addressed to Caleb Strong, Esq. by Samuel Whelpley, 1875.

Bibliographic References

Guide to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection, 2nd ed., p. 52.

Legal Status

Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Processing Information

This collection was Re-processed, and the checklist was revised by Anne Yoder in May, 2003. This finding aid was prepared by Chloe Lucchesi-Malone in July, 2009.

Creator

Source

Find It at the Library

Most of the materials in this catalog are not digitized and can only be accessed in person. Please see our website for more information about visiting Swarthmore College Peace Collection Library

Contact:
500 College Avenue
Swarthmore 19081-1399 USA US
610-328-8557
610-328-8544 (Fax)