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Archives & Manuscripts

Dwight S. Large and Frances K. Large Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Large, Dwight S. and Frances K. Large
This collection of papers reflects the Large's efforts to bring amnesty to Vietnam war resisters. Much of the correspondence is with United Methodists concerning the setting up and maintenance of The Amnesty Information and Action Center. Correspondents include Kenneth R. Colton, Glenn B. Hosman Jr., John E. Jordan, Henry Schwarzchild, and Herman Will, Jr.

This collection of papers was designated the Amnesty Information and Action Center Records (DG 114) in 1981, and cataloged as such. However, because the AIAC only lasted two years and these papers go well beyond that scope, it was decided in 2015 to call them the Dwight S. and Frances K. Large Collected Papers (CDG-A).

Dates

  • 1969-1976

Creator

Language of Materials

Materials are in English.

Restrictions on Access

This collection is stored off-site. Please contact the Curator at least two weeks in advance of a visit to the Peace Collection to discuss retrieval of off-site materials.

Copyright and Rights Information

None.

Extent

2 Linear Feet (2 linear feet.)

Abstract

Papers of a married couple who worked for legal amnesty for Vietnam War resisters.

Biographical note

Dwight Large graduated from Albion College in Michigan, and from Yale University Divinity School. He also studied at Union Theological Seminary in New York City. During World War II Dwight Large was one of the first Methodist ministers to take a public stand by filing as a religious conscientious objector to war. He directed the American Friends Service Committee's relief operations in Palestine in 1949, later held several administrative posts with Amnesty International, and was a United Methodist Church pastor in Germantown, Pennsylvania, and in Lansing, Michigan, among many other churches. Large's last appointment was as minister at Central Methodist Church in Detroit which was very well-known for its strong pacifism. His concern, as well as his wife's, for conscientious objectors to the Vietnam War -- as well as the draft evaders and draft resisters -- led to their efforts to promote amnesty for these men. The Amnesty Information and Action Center was established in 1972 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, to assist those Americans who refused to participate in the Vietnam War obtain legal amnesty. The organization was founded and run by the Larges; they distributed material to and coordinated networks on all aspects of amnesty and reconciliation. The AIAC was sponsored by the Methodist Church and ceased operation in 1973. Dwight Large spent the last few years of his life in Adelaide, Australia, where he died in 1982. Frances Large also graduated from Albion College (where she met Dwight) and was like her husband a committed pacifist. This led her to be an active member of the Womens International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) and the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR). Frances joined Dwight in his work with conscientious objectors. In 1978 she and Dwight moved to Adelaide, Australia to be near their son Stephen and his family (I was teaching Japanese history at the University of Adelaide at the time, before moving to Cambridge). After Dwight died, Frances eventually returned to the U.S. where she became a Quaker. She died in Ann Arbor, Michigan in 2004.

Arrangement

The papers are arranged first by material produced by or about Dwight and Frances Large, followed by reference material that they gathered on amnesty from individual authors, organizations, and religious entities. This collection was sent to offsite storage in February 2016.

Other Finding Aids

For the catalog record for this collection, and to find materials on similar topics, search the library's online catalog.

Custodial History

The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is the official repository for these papers.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Gift of Dwight S. Large, 1977-1978 [accs. 77A-099, 77A-111, 77A-122, 78A-004, 78A-072].

Separated Materials

Removed: Oversized document (reprint of newspaper ad): "There are 1210 names in this advertisement...." [see Oversized Document #0849]

Legal Status

Copyright may have been transferred to the Swarthmore College Peace Collection or may have been retained by the creators/authors (or their descendants), in this collection, as stipulated by United States copyright law. Please contact the SCPC Curator for further information.

General

This archival collection was formerly named DG 114, Amnesty Information and Action Center.

Processing Information

Processed by Anne M. Yoder, Archivist, August 2015; finding aid updated by Wendy Chmielewski May 2016.

Creator

Description rules
dacs

Revision Statements

  • 2017: The file list was standardized in Summer 2017 by Mary Olesnavich in preparation for importing into ArchivesSpace. Tessa Chambers added the notes in Fall 2017.

Find It at the Library

Most of the materials in this catalog are not digitized and can only be accessed in person. Please see our website for more information about visiting Swarthmore College Peace Collection Library

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