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Archives & Manuscripts

Union of Democratic Control Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-B-Great Britain-Union of Democratic Control
This collection includes correspondence (5 letters, 1915-1941); program work, including minutes of meetings (1915-1966); pamphlets; newsletters; and one folder of writings by and about E.D. Morel.

Dates

  • 1915-1966

Creator

Language of Materials

Materials are in English.

Limitations on Accessing the Collection

None.

Copyright and Rights Information

None.

Extent

1.25 Linear Feet (15 linear in.)

Overview

The Union of Democratic Control was founded in 1914 in London, England by an alliance of radical Liberal Party and Independent Labour Party members to protest Britain's decision to enter World War I. It became a well-respected and internationally known research organization, publishing many pamphlets about British national and colonial affairs. It was disbanded in 1966.

Historical note

The Union of Democratic Control, an allliance of radical liberals and members of the Independent Labour Party in Great Britain, held its first formal meeting and drew up its constitution in November 1914. E.D. Morel, Norman Angell, J. Ramsay MacDonald and Charles Trevelyan were its founding members. Their early goals were 1/ to secure real parliamentary control over foreign policy; 2/ to open, after the war, negotiations with democratic parties in Europe so as to form an international understanding not dependent on political parties; and 3/ to ensure that the war did not so humiliate the defeated nation or rearrange its borders that it would engender future wars. The UDC soon became an effective and courageous radical pressure group that lobbied for democratic control over foreign policy, the abolition of industrial and military armaments and conscription; the promotion of free trade; the self-determination of peoples; and the development of the League of Nations. The UDC was the leading force for some years in making sure that foreign policy was discussed in Parliament (in fact, a number of Members of Parliament were also members of the UDC). It developed into a well-respected, and internationally known research organization, which published many pamphlets about national and colonial affairs.

In its early years, during the first world war, the UDC endured much vilification for its campaign for an early negotiated peace settlement and other of its stances. Its meetings were systematically broken up, and many of its 100 branches had to meet in secret. The Anti-German League made the UDC one of its prime targets, accusing leaders of the UDC of being financed by German gold. E.D. Morel, the leader of the UDC until his death in 1924, was imprisoned with common felons for six months for asking one of his friends to convey a pamphlet to Romain Rolland. Rolland had been living in France but was now in Switzerland, unbeknownst to Morel; it had been made an offense to transmit printed matter to Switzerland two weeks before this incident. Morel was convicted of "inciting" his friend to commit a breach of the regulations and it was for this that he was sent to prison. During this time his study was raided and private papers removed and never returned, and he was denied bail several times.

The UDC had its offices in London throughout all the years of its existence. The UDC disbanded in 1966, mostly for financial reasons.

Other Finding Aids

For the catalog record for this collection, and to find materials on similar topics, search the library's online catalog

Custodial History

The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is not the official repository for these records.

Legal Status

Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by SCPC staff, and the checklist was prepared by Anne Yoder in May, 1998. This finding aid was created by Eleanor Fulvio in August, 2010.
Description rules
dacs

Revision Statements

  • 2018: The file list was standardized in Summer 2017 by Min Cheng in preparation for importing into ArchivesSpace. Elisabeth Miller added the notes in Fall 2017.

Find It at the Library

Most of the materials in this catalog are not digitized and can only be accessed in person. Please see our website for more information about visiting Swarthmore College Peace Collection Library

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