Showing Collections: 1 - 10 of 13
Overview A world-famous social reformer; co-founded the first settlement house in America in 1889; championed many causes on behalf of the urban poor, such as protection of immigrants, child labor laws, industrial safety, juvenile courts, and recognition of labor unions; a leading figure in the movement for international peace; awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.
Dates: 1838-; Majority of material found within 1880-1935
Abstract Emily Greene Balch (1867-1961) was the second U.S. woman to have won the Nobel Peace Prize. Balch embarked on her academic career in the economics and sociology department at Wellesley College. Balch's extracurricular work with the Women's Trade Union League and opposition to World War I resulted in dismissal from Wellesley, and thereafter she helped lead the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Called a "Citizen of the World," Balch worked for peace throughout her life--through...
Dates: 1842-1961; Majority of material found within 1875 - 1961
Overview Elizabeth Powell Bond (1841-1926) served for four years as Matron of Swarthmore College and was appointed as its first Dean of Women in 1890. She retired in 1906. 1906. A birthright Quaker and lifelong member of the Society of Friends, she played an important role in the development of coeducation at the College. (1860-1926), diaries and journals (1856-1925), business papers, speeches and articles, pictures, and memorabilia. Correspondents include Louisa M. Alcott, Ellen Emerson, Hannah...
Abstract Initiated in late 1935 by the American Friends Service Committee and other pacifists; originally planned as a two-year campaign to rally peace, religious, labor, African-American and student groups; aim was to organize a national campaign to promote peace principles in the face of preparation for war in Europe, and to keep the United States out of war; may have been preceded by the Emergency Peace Committee (1931-1933), though this has not been documented. The first EPC office opened in...
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-B-India-Gandhi, Mahatma
Overview Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in 1869 in Porbandar in Gujarat, India. He trained as a barrister and worked in Durban, South Africa. Influenced primarily by Hinduism, but also by elements of Jainism and Christianity as well as writers including Tolstoy and Thoreau, Gandhi developed the satyagraha ('devotion to truth'), a new nonviolent way to redress wrongs. Gandhi returned to India and in 1919, he announced a new satyagraha which attracted millions of followers. By 1920, Gandhi was a...
Dates: Majority of material found within 1919-
Abstract Hannah Clothier Hull (1872-1958), was one of the founders of the Woman's Peace Party and the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. She served as a national officer of the WILPF for nearly forty years. Hull was also active in other social reform movements. A member of a well-to-do Quaker family, Hannah Clothier graduated from Swarthmore College in 1891. She first worked at a Philadelphia settlement house and then entered the graduate program in social work at Bryn Mawr College. In...
Overview William I. Hull, a Quaker pacifist, taught history at Swarthmore College from 1892 until his death in 1939. He was the Librarian of Friends Historical Library and also authored numerous books and articles, particularly on the subjects of Quakers in Holland, William Penn, peace, and international relations. The Papers contain correspondence (1900-1939), diaries (1892-1939), published and unpublished writings, papers relating to conferences and committees in which he participated, reference...
Dates: 1843-1939 (bulk 1900-1939)
Overview Edwin D. Mead (1849-1937), and Lucia Ames Mead (1856-1936), were both leading pacifists, writers, and social reformers of the U.S. and international peace movement. Edwin Mead directed the work of the World Peace Foundation and participated in many international peace congresses. He was an American delegate to the International Peace Bureau. Mead helped found the School Peace League and was a prominent member of the American Peace League. Lucia Ames Mead was a leading member of many feminist...
Overview Peoples Mandate to Governments to End War was an international campaign begun on September 6, 1935, by the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom to express such overwhelming opposition to war that governments would not dare resort to it as a means of solving disputes between nations. By the end of the decade the Peoples Mandate became an independent organization, headed by Mabel Vernon, and focused on peace and connections between women and women's organizations in the Americas.
Dates: 1935-1975; Majority of material found within 1935-1956
Abstract Personal correspondence of Jane Rushmore, as well as some letters relating the business of Friends Central Bureau. Also included is the collection of Emily Cooper Johnson of notes and recollections for her biography of Jane Rushmore"Under Quaker Appointment." Primary correspondents include Hannah Clothier Hull.
- Names: Hull, Hannah Clothier, 1872-1958 X
- Swarthmore College Peace Collection 9
- Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College 4
- Women and peace -- History -- Sources 6
- Pacifists -- United States -- History -- Sources 4
- Peace movements -- United States -- History -- Sources 4
- Peace -- Societies, etc. -- History -- Sources 3
- Quaker women 2
- Quakers -- Pennsylvania 2
- Women -- Suffrage -- History -- Sources 2
- Women and peace -- United States -- History -- Sources 2
- Arms control 1
- Chicago (Ill.) -- Social conditions -- 20th century 1
- Civil disobedience -- India -- History -- Sources 1
- Congresses and conventions 1
- Conscientious objection -- World War, 1914-1918 1
- Deans (Education) 1
- Disarmament 1
- Disarmament -- Congresses -- History -- Sources 1
- Disarmament -- History -- Sources 1
- Disarmament -- Netherlands 1
- Disarmament -- Religious aspects -- Society of Friends -- History -- Sources 1
- Feminists -- United States 1
- Feminists -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
- Friesland (Netherlands) -- History 1
- India -- History -- British occupation, 1765-1947 -- Sources 1
- India -- Politics and government -- 1919-1947 -- Sources 1
- Labor movement -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
- Militarism 1
- Militarism -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
- Neutrality -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
- Pacifism -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
- Pacifists -- United States 1
- Peace 1
- Peace -- Congresses -- History -- Sources 1
- Peace -- Religious aspects 1
- Peace -- Societies, etc. 1
- Peace Movements -- Congresses 1
- Political refugees -- Germany -- History -- Sources 1
- Quaker authors 1
- Quaker women -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
- Quaker women ministers 1
- Quaker women ministers -- 19th century 1
- Quakers -- 19th century -- Diaries 1
- Quakers -- Pennsylvania -- Bucks County 1
- Quakers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia 1
- Quakers -- Social life and customs 1
- Quakers -- Travel 1
- Sermons -- Quaker 1
- Social reformers -- United States 1
- Social settlements -- Illinois -- Chicago -- History -- Sources 1
- Suffragists -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
- Universities and colleges 1
- Universities and colleges -- Pennsylvania -- History 1
- Women -- Education 1
- Women Nobel Prize winners -- History -- Sources 1
- Women and peace 1
- Women pacifists -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
- Women social reformers -- History -- Sources 1
- Women social reformers -- United States 1
- Women social reformers -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
- World War, 1914-1918 -- Peace -- History -- Sources 1
- diaries 1 ∧ less