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American Civil Liberties Union: National Committee on Conscientious Objectors Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-022
Overview The roots of the NCCO began shortly after conscription in WWII was instituted. Little is known about the New York Office of the NCCO. It was headquartered at 31 Union Square West in New York City (NY) where the ACLU had its offices, and was likely set up in 1940, under the chairmanship of Norman Angell, and stayed in existence through 1945. In Washington (DC), the Temporary Committee for Legal Aid to Conscientious Objectors was formed in 1940. R. Boland Brooks had gone to NSBRO (National...
Dates: 1940-1946

American Friends Service Committee Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-American Friends Service Committee
Abstract The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) was set up in June 1917 as an outgrowth of and coordination point for the anti-war and relief activities of various bodies of the Religious Society of Friends in the United States.
Dates: 1917-

Bent Andresen Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Andreson, Bent
Abstract Bent Andresen registered as a conscientious objector during WWII, and was sent to a Civilian Public Service in 1944. Andresen participated in a "guinea pig project" in which he and several other C.O.s lived in a refrigerated room for three months to test the impact of a high-protein diet on cold-weather conditions. He went AWOL in 1945 and was sentenced to two years in prison. Andreson was involved in various peace/justice groups throughout his lifetime.
Dates: 1928-1991

Bennett W. Andrews and Florence N. Andrews Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-209
Abstract Bennett Andrews was an absolutist conscientious objector during World War II. He served a five year sentence Danbury Prison, a federal penitentiary, in Connecticut. There he worked in a number of positions in the prison. Bennett Andrews was released from prison on July 11, 1946 and received amnesty from President Truman in 1947. Florence Andrews (born in 1913) married Bennett on July 22, 1938. She was also a strong pacifist, who fully supported her husband's C.O. stance.
Dates: 1940-1950, 1979-1980

Association of Catholic Conscientious Objectors Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Association of Catholic Conscientious Objectors
Dates: 1940-1946

Lew Ayres Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Ayres, Lew
Abstract Primarily clippings from 1942, when Ayres became a conscientious objector.
Dates: Majority of material found in 1942

Harold Barton Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Barton, Harold
Abstract In the early 1940s National Mental Health Foundation originated in 1944-1945 when Harold Barton and three associates, serving at Byberry State Hospital in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), announced plans for a national campaign to improve the conditions in mental hospitals. The exposure of these conditions through the efforts of men serving in CPS, and their efforts to be a nonviolent presence in mental institutions, began a new movement in mental health care in the U.S. The National Mental Health...
Dates: Majority of material found within 1944-1949

Charles Bloomstein Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Bloomstein, Charles
Abstract Charles Bloomstein (1913 - 2002) was involved in a number of organizations that promoted civil rights, as well as peace. He was a conscientious objector during World War II, and served in Civilian Public Service (CPS) for three years.
Dates: Majority of material found within 1938-2002

Wilmer Brandt Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Brandt, Wilmer
Overview Brandt was a conscientious objector to war, a Quaker, and interested in peace throughout his life.
Dates: Majority of material found within 1952-2007

Central Board for Conscientious Objectors Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-B-Great Britain-Central Board for Conscientious Objectors
Abstract The collection includes annual reports, articles, memoranda and releases, and pamphlets.
Dates: 1942-1962

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  • Subject: World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious Objectors X

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Library
Swarthmore College Peace Collection 50
Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections 6
Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College 5
Quaker Meeting Records at Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections and Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College 1
 
Subject
Conscientious objectors -- United States -- History -- Sources 34
Pacifists -- United States -- History -- Sources 25
World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious objectors -- United States -- Sources 25
Draft resisters -- United States -- History -- Sources 15
World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious objectors -- Sources 15
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World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious Objectors -- United States 11
Quakers -- United States -- History -- Sources 10
Conscientious objection -- United States -- History -- Sources 6
Conscientious objectors -- United States 6
Amnesty -- United States -- History -- Sources 5
Government, Resistance to -- United States -- History -- Sources 5
Society of Friends -- War relief and reconstruction 5
World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious objectors -- Great Britain 5
Conscientious objectors -- Great Britain 4
Draft -- United States -- History -- Sources 4
Pacifists -- United States 4
World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious Objectors 4
Nonviolence -- United States -- History -- Sources 3
Pacifism -- United States -- History -- Sources 3
Peace -- Religious aspects -- Society of Friends -- History -- Sources 3
Psychiatric hospitals -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- History -- Sources 3
War -- Moral and ethical aspects -- History -- Sources 3
Civil rights -- United States -- History -- Sources 2
Conscientious objection -- United States 2
Draft resisters -- United States 2
I-W service 2
International relief 2
Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Conscientious objectors -- Sources 2
Pacifism 2
Pacifism -- History -- Sources 2
Peace -- Societies, etc. 2
Political prisoners -- United States -- History -- Sources 2
Quaker businesspeople 2
Quaker conscientious objectors 2
Selective conscientious objection -- United States -- History -- Sources 2
Socialists -- United States -- History -- Sources 2
Society of Friends -- Charities 2
Society of Friends -- Pennsylvania 2
Vietnam War, 1961-1975 -- Conscientious objectors -- Sources 2
Vietnam War, 1961-1975 -- Protest movements -- United States -- Sources 2
World War, 1914-1918 -- Prisoners and prisons -- Sources 2
World War, 1939-1945 2
World War, 1939-1945 -- Civilian relief 2
World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious objectors -- Correspondence 2
World War, 1939-1945 -- Moral and ethical aspects 2
World War, 1939-1945 -- Prisoners and prisons -- Sources 2
World War, 1939-1945 -- Religious aspects 2
Actors -- United States 1
African American civil rights workers -- History -- Sources 1
African American pacifists -- History -- Sources 1
African Americans -- Civil rights 1
African Americans -- Segregation -- History -- Sources 1
Algeria -- History -- Revolution, 1954-1962 1
Antinuclear movement 1
California -- Politics and government 1
Charities -- France 1
Charities -- Germany 1
Christian union -- United States -- Societies, etc. 1
Christianity and international relations 1
Civil rights -- United States 1
Civil rights -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Sources 1
Civil rights movements -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Sources 1
Civil rights workers -- United States 1
Civil rights workers -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Communal living -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objection -- Great Britain 1
Conscientious objection -- History -- 20th century -- Sources 1
Conscientious objection -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objection -- Religious aspects -- Mennonites -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objection -- Religious aspects -- Society of Friends 1
Conscientious objection -- Societies, etc. 1
Conscientious objection -- Societies, etc. -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objectors -- California, Northern -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objectors -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objectors -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objectors -- United States -- Correspondence 1
Conservative Quakers 1
Cooking, American 1
Counseling -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Disarmament 1
Draft -- Great Britain 1
Draft -- United States 1
Dukhobors -- History 1
Environmentalists -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Ercildoun (Pa.) 1
Farmers -- Pennsylvania 1
Food service 1
Food supply 1
Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- India 1
Illinois -- Politics and government 1
India -- Foreign relations -- Great Britain 1
Indians of North America -- Civil rights 1
Interdenominational cooperation -- United States 1
International relief -- France 1
International relief -- Germany 1
International relief -- Societies, etc 1
Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945 -- Sources 1
Jews -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Journey of Reconciliation, 1947 1
Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Draft resisters -- Sources 1
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Names
Civilian Public Service 26
American Friends Service Committee 11
French, Paul Comly, 1903-1960 6
Muste, Abraham John, 1885-1967 6
Thomas, Evan W. (Evan Welling), 1890-1974 6
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Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.) 4
Kaufman, Abraham 4
War Resisters League 4
Byberry State Hospital (Pa.) 3
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Big Flats, NY) 3
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Philadelphia, Pa.) 3
Cornell, Julien D., 1910- 3
DeSilver, Harrison 3
Furnas, Paul J. 3
Holmes, John Haynes, 1879-1964 3
Metropolitan Board for Conscientious Objectors 3
Andresen, Bent, 1908-1991 2
Baldwin, Roger N. (Roger Nash), 1884-1981 2
Barr, Allen H. 2
Benson, Purnell Handy, 1913- 2
Boss, Charles F. (Charles Frederick), 1888- 2
Brethren Service Committee 2
Bromley, Ernest 2
Bromley, Marion, -1996 2
Brooks, R. Boland 2
Cary, Stephen G. 2
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Lagro, Ind.) 2
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Trenton, N.D.) 2
Cooper, Samuel 2
Dellinger, David T., 1915-2004 2
Friends Committee on National Legislation (U.S.) 2
Gara, Larry 2
Hill, Lewis K. 2
Lazarus, Frieda Langer 2
MacAdam, Ruth E. 2
Man, Albon 2
Mennonite Central Committee 2
National Committee on Conscientious Objectors (U.S.) 2
Nelson Fuson, 1913-2006 2
Peacemaker Movement 2
Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955). Civilian Public Service Fund Committee 2
Phillips, Randolph Godfrey 2
Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-1979 2
Reeves, George B., 1905- 2
Stanton, William Macy, 1919-1995 2
Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968 2
Whitney, Norman J. (Norman Jehiel), 1891-1967 2
Wilhelm, Paul A. 2
Winchester, Harold P. 2
Young, Agnes 2
A Quaker Action Group 1
Ahimsa Farm 1
Albert, Alfred, 1908- 1
Alexander, Howard W. (Howard Wright), 1911-1985 1
Alexander, Mary Alice 1
Alternatives to Violence Project 1
American Civil Liberties Union 1
American Forum for Socialist Education 1
American Friends Service Committee. China Program 1
American Friends Service Committee. Civilian Public Service 1
American Friends Service Committee. Committee on Rights of Conscience 1
Andrews, Bennett W., 1906-1994 1
Andrews, Florence N., 1913- 1
Angell, Ernest, 1889-1973 1
Angell, Norman, 1874-1967 1
Angell, Stephen Ward, 1952- 1
Association of Catholic Conscientious Objectors 1
Axford, Roger W. 1
Ayres, Lew, 1908-1996 1
Barton, Harold E. L., 1916-2005 1
Benoit, Emile 1
Big Flats Defense Committee 1
Blickenstaff, Harold 1
Bliss, George I. 1
Bloomstein, Charles 1
Brandt, Willy 1
Brandt, Wilmer, 1920- 1
Branson, J. (Julia) 1
Break with Conscription Committee 1
Briggs, Franklin Humphrey, 1916- 1
Brinton family 1
Brinton, David, 1864-1945 1
Brinton, Eleanor Fisher, 1868-1958 1
Brinton, Joseph, 1828-1917 1
Brinton, Mary H. (Mary Howland), 1833-1870 1
Brinton, William Fisher, 1909-2008 1
CARE Inc. 1
Central Board for Conscientious Objectors 1
Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors 1
Chicago Conference on Social Action (1943) 1
Children's Creative Response to Conflict Program 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp #103 (Missoula, Mont.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (China Unit) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Coleville, Calif.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Gulfport, Miss.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Medaryville, Ind.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Missoula, Mont.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Powellsvile, Md.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Williamsburg, Va.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Mental Hygiene Program 1
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