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Alliance for Conscientious Objectors Records

Identifier: SCPC-DG-088
Abstract The Alliance for Conscientious Objectors (AFCO), based in Seattle (Washington), was founded in 1970 by John Long and Paul Anderson, who served as its national coordinator. It changed its name in 1972 to represent a wider scope of purpose. During this time, conscientious objectors who performed two years of alternate service, the same period as those drafted into the military served, were not entitled to Veterans Administration benefits under the GI Bill of Rights. By 1974 AFCO had reached a...

American Friends Service Committee: Civilian Public Service / Prison Service Committee Records

Identifier: SCPC-DG-002
Overview Organized to provide alternative service for conscientious objectors, who were assigned "work of national importance under civilian direction; the historic peace churches (Church of the Brethren, Religious Society of Friends and the Mennonite Church) band ed together to form the National Service Board for Religious Objectors (NISBRO) which coordinated the civilian public service (CPS) program; the American Friends Service Committee administered seventeen CPS camps and over thirty special...

American Friends Service Committee Collected Records

Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-American Friends Service Committee
Abstract The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) was set up in June 1917 as an outgrowth of and coordination point for the anti-war and relief activities of various bodies of the Religious Society of Friends in the United States.

Bent Andresen Collected Papers

Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Andreson, Bent
Abstract Bent Andresen was born January 14, 1908 in Copenhagen, Denmark. Andresen attended Columbia University where he joined the Student League for Industrial Democracy and the Socialist Party. He registered as a conscientious objector during WWII, and was sent to a Civilian Public Service in 1944. Andresen participated in a "guinea pig project" in which he and several other COs lived in a refrigerated room for three months to test the impact of a high-protein diet on cold-weather conditions. After...

Bennett W. Andrews and Florence N. Andrews Papers

Identifier: SCPC-DG-209
Abstract Bennett Andrews was an absolutist conscientious objector during World War II. He served a five year sentence Danbury Prison, a federal penitentiary, in Connecticut. There he worked in a number of positions in the prison. Bennett Andrews was released from prison on July 11, 1946 and received amnesty from President Truman in 1947. Florence Andrews (born in 1913) married Bennett on July 22, 1938. She was also a strong pacifist, who fully supported her husband's C.O. stance.

Association of Catholic Conscientious Objectors Collected Records

Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Association of Catholic Conscientious Objectors

Harold Barton Papers

Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Barton, Harold
Abstract In the early 1940s National Mental Health Foundation originated in 1944-1945 when Harold Barton and three associates, serving at Byberry State Hospital in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), announced plans for a national campaign to improve the conditions in mental hospitals. This, in part, stemmed from their own anger and frustration at the appalling treatment of patients they found at Byberry, where the lack of trained personnel (due to the war effort), severely limited the ability of care for...

John Beer Collected Papers

Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Beer, John
Abstract John Beer is a professor of the history of science and chemistry, as well as a Quaker peace and antinuclear activist.

Raymond Binford and Helen Binford Collected Papers

Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Binford, Raymond and Helen
Overview Raymond Binford served as President of Guilford College, High Point, North Carolina, for 16 years, before taking a leave of absence to become the director of Civilian Public Service Camp #19 (Buck Creek Camp, Marion, North Carolina), during World War II.

Charles Bloomstein Collected Papers

Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Bloomstein, Charles
Abstract Charles Bloomstein (1913 - 2002) was involved in a number of organizations that promoted civil rights, as well as peace. He was a conscientious objector during World War II, and served in Civilian Public Service (CPS) for three years.

More material about or by Bloomstein can be found in the New York Public Library's archival collection on CARE.

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  • Subject: Conscientious objectors -- United States -- History -- Sources X

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Civilian Public Service 22
Muste, Abraham John, 1885-1967 7
American Friends Service Committee 6
Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors 6
War Resisters League 6
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Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.) 5
French, Paul Comly, 1903-1960 5
Furnas, Paul J. 4
Kaufman, Abraham 4
Tatum, Arlo D. 4
Thomas, Evan W. (Evan Welling), 1890-1974 4
Whitney, Norman J. (Norman Jehiel), 1891-1967 4
Willoughby, George, pacifist 4
Andresen, Bent, 1908-1991 3
Barr, Allen H. 3
Boss, Charles F. (Charles Frederick), 1888- 3
Byberry State Hospital (Pa.) 3
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Philadelphia, Pa.) 3
Committee for Nonviolent Action 3
Ferber, Michael 3
Gara, Larry 3
Holmes, John Haynes, 1879-1964 3
Lazarus, Frieda Langer 3
Metropolitan Board for Conscientious Objectors 3
National Interreligious Service Board for Conscientious Objectors 3
Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-1979 3
Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987 3
Tatum, Lyle 3
Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968 3
A Quaker Action Group 2
American Friends Service Committee. Committee on Rights of Conscience 2
American Legion 2
Baldwin, Roger N. (Roger Nash), 1884-1981 2
Benson, Purnell Handy, 1913- 2
Civilian Public Service Union 2
Committee for Amnesty for All Objectors to War and Conscription 2
Corfman, Rex 2
Dellinger, David T., 1915-2004 2
Eichel, Julius, 1896- 2
Finch, Henry Le Roy 2
Freeman, Harrop A. (Harrop Arthur), 1907-1993 2
Heisler, Francis, 1895- 2
Horton, Robert, 1900-1991 2
Kantor, William Marx 2
Lens, Sidney 2
Lunde, Erling H. 2
Lynd, Alice 2
Lynd, Staughton 2
Lyttle, Bradford 2
Man, Albon 2
Mennonite Central Committee 2
Mygatt, Tracy D. (Tracy Dickinson), 1885-1973 2
National Service Board for Religious Objectors 2
Newton, Ray 2
Pacifist Research Bureau 2
Prisoner Visitation and Support (1971-) 2
Sayre, John Nevin, 1884-1977 2
Stern, Lee, 1915-1992 2
United States. Selective Service System 2
Wilhelm, Paul A. 2
Will, Herman, 1915- 2
Winchester, Harold P. 2
Ahimsa Farm 1
Alexander, Howard W. (Howard Wright), 1911-1985 1
Alexander, Mary Alice 1
Alliance for Conscientious Objectors (U.S.) 1
Allinson, Brent D. (Brent Dow) 1
Alternatives to Violence Project 1
American Civil Liberties Union 1
American Civil Liberties Union Foundation. Project on Amnesty 1
American Forum for Socialist Education 1
American Friends Service Committee. Civilian Public Service 1
American Friends Service Committee. New England Regional Office 1
Ames, Winslow 1
Amnesty Information and Action Center 1
Anderson, Jervis 1
Anderson, Paul 1
Andrews, Bennett W., 1906-1994 1
Andrews, Florence N., 1913- 1
Anglican Pacifist Fellowship 1
Aptheker, Herbert, 1915-2003 1
Association of Catholic Conscientious Objectors 1
Axford, Roger W. 1
Baer, Gertrude 1
Baker, Lillian 1
Balch, Emily Greene, 1867-1961 1
Barton, Bruce, 1886-1967 1
Barton, Harold E. L., 1916-2005 1
Beer, John Joseph, 1927- 1
Bennett, Scott H. 1
Berg, Lloyd A. 1
Berkel, Bob 1
Berkeley Resistance (Organization) 1
Big Flats Defense Committee 1
Binford, Helen 1
Binford, Raymond, 1876-1951 1
Blaxall, Arthur W. 1
Bloomstein, Charles 1
Bohn, Lewis Christian 1
Borkholder, Philip L. 1
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