Scope and Contents
The collection includes materials from 1860 to 1868 documenting the Central Superintendency, letters to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs in Washington, letters to the Indian Agents under the jurisdiction of Hoag, and letters characterized as "Individual letters." The letters are signed by Enoch Hoag, Cyrus Beede (chief clerk to Hoag), or Edward F. Hoag (Hoag's son and clerk). Much of the correspondence is of a routine nature and is concerned with the day-to-day running of the Superintendency and Agencies. There are also letters on various problems and situations that arose during Hoag's tenure, such as the murder of the Chief of the Wichitas by the Osage and the murder of four Osage by the [Kansas?] militia. With the exception of four volumes, the books are apparently completely indexed and each index includes a brief summary of the contents of each letter.
Enoch Hoag (1812-1884) was the son of Stephen and Martha Hoag. He was engaged in the mercantile business until 1854, when he moved to Iowa and worked as a farmer. He was active in abolition work and aided Freedmen's education. In 1869, he was was appointed Superintendent of the Central Superintendency in 1869 by President Grant under Grant's "Peace Policy." This policy gave Orthodox Friends supervision of Native Americans located in Kansas and "Indian Territory." The Superintendency's headquarters were at Lawrence, Kansas. Under Hoag's jurisdiction were nine "Indian Agents" (also Friends), who were assigned to various Agencies throughout the Central Superitendency. Indigenous Nations who were under Haog's control included the Kickapoo, Shawnee, Potawatomi, Kansas, Osage, Quapaw, Sac and Fox, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Wichita, Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache.
Hoag's duties included the establishment of schools, the distribution of supplies, and the payment of government annuities. Hoag resigned his position in 1876, and was succeeded by Dr. William Nicholson. In 1879, Friends withdrew from government sponsored work, partly due to the change in governance with the election of President Hayes.