William Warder Cadbury papers
Scope and Contents
Cadbury writes about his desire to become a medical missionary in China in 1908; his interest in founding a Christian medical school in China; his impact teaching Christianity to Chinese students; his life and work in China; Japan’s war on China; the work of his wife, Catharine Cadbury, supervising many local schools; reference to his internment by the Japanese army; the liberation of Canton in 1949; and the orphans of Canton.
There is a book of course notes prepared by William Warder Cadbury for a course on comparative religion, published letters, and other material by and about Cadbury, as well as photographs, primarily those depicting Cadbury from infancy to old age. There are documents produced by and about organizations with which Cadbury was involved in the period 1923-1951, including Canton Hospital, Canton International Red Cross, Direct China Relief Incorporated, Kwangtung International Relief Committee, Canton Committee for Justice to China, and the China Medical Missionary Association.
Cadbury served as resident physician at Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia from 1903 to 1905, and went abroad for graduate study in Vienna in 1905, before returning to teach pathology and pharmacology at University of Pennsylvania from 1906 to 1907 and to work as a pathologist at St. Mary’s Hospital from 1906 to 1909.
Cadbury's decision to take up a medical missionary post in China was made in late 1908. In 1909, he took up a professorship at Canton Christian College (later Lingnan University) in Canton, China, and from 1909 to 1941 was a medical missionary supported by some members of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting and the Cadbury Fund that was created to assist his work. (The Canton Medical Missionary Society which had oversight of Canton Hospital transferred the care of the hospital to the Board of Directors of Lingnan University in 1930.) He became Superintendent of Canton Hospital in 1930, and was also vice-president of the Chinese Medical Association from 1935 to 1937 and Canton chairman of the International Red Cross from 1938 to 1941. In about 1924, General Lei Fuk Lam gave his son, James Cadbury Lei, to William Warder Cadbury in order for him to learn American culture. General Lei contributed funds to construct a small hospital and clinic on the Lingnan campus, operated under Dr. Cadbury's direction and later moved to Canton Hospital.
During World War II, William Warder Cadbury and his wife were interned by the Japanese from 1941 to 1943, although they had considerable freedom until February, 1943, when they were removed to a camp in Canton. Upon their release, they returned to the United States for two years, where Cadbury worked at Friends Hospital. Cadbury resumed his position in Canton from 1945 until 1949, when he and Catherine were forced out of China by the Communist government. The Cadburys then returned to New Jersey for the following 10 years. Cadbury sat on the Board of Lingnan University for a part of this time, as well as serving as an honorary curator of ferns at the Academy of Natural Sciences.
During his life, Cadbury was the author of 150 medical articles, 230 articles on religion and other topics, and a book on the history of Canton Hospital, At the Point of a Lancet, which he wrote in 1935 with Mary Hoxie Jones, his neice. He had an avid interest in orchids and created an orchid garden at his residence in China. "Dr. Cadbury represented two old but endurig traditions: the physicianbotanist and the Quaker naturalist…Perhaps, with renewed friendship between China and the United States, an American orchidist will visit Canton some day and find Dr. Cadbury's manuscript in the care of Chinese botanists. It would please him to know that his study of orchids, like his medical teaching, has bridged the gap between peoples."
Information from Dictionary of Quaker Biography, a compilation of Quaker biographies in typescript form located at Haverford College and Friends House, London, from article by Howard P. Wood and from internal evidence
1.1 Linear Feet (2 boxes, 1 volume)
- Cadbury, Catharine Balderston
- Cadbury, William Warder
- Canton Christian College
- Canton Hospital (Guangzhou, China)
- China -- History -- 20th Century
- Henry, James M.
- Hospitals -- China
- Jones, Elizabeth B. (Elizabeth Bartram)
- Jones, Rufus M. (Rufus Matthew), 1863-1948
- Ling nan da xue (Guangzhou, China)
- Medical education -- China
- Missionaries, Medical -- China -- Guangzhou
- Quakers -- China
- Red Cross and Red Crescent
- Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945
- Society of Friends -- Missions -- China
- Universities and colleges -- China
- World War, 1939-1945 -- China
- William Warder Cadbury papers, 1877-1959
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- February, 2020: Revised and box listed added by Seabrook Jeffcoat
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