Benjamin Coates African Colonization collection
Scope and Contents
Correspondents include: George N. Allen, E.D. Bassett, George Bethune, Edward Blyden, Robert? Campbell, John E. Carter, Mary Ann Shadd Cary, M.E. Bibb Cary, Thomas Chase, Benjamin Coates, A. Cope, William Coppinger, Alex Crummell, E.B. Darnell, Thomas I. Durante, Frederick Douglass, William Evans, M.H. Freeman, Henry Highland Garnet, I. McD. Gurley, E.M. Gurley, Thomas Hamilton, Robert Harper?, J.D. Harris, Henry Hartshorne, Annie Heacock, W.S. Hilles, Joseph Hobbins, J.I. Holly, Ezra Johnson, Eleanor Ketchum, J.M. McKean, William F. Mitchell, Edmund Morris, J.B. Pinney, G.D. Pike, Evelyn E. Plummer, A. Prince, James E. Rhoads, Robert Carter & Bros., J.J. Roberts, Martin W. Roberts, J.B. Smith, D. Say?, M. Schofield, George L. Stearns, Joseph Tracy, Reuben Tomlinson, Thomas Tucker, Thomas Tucker, Alvin Varner, H.O. Wagoner, D.B. Warner, Jonathan Welsh, William Whipper, G. Whipple, Yates & Porterfield, John Young.
- Majority of material found within 1858 - 1869
Copyright and Rights Information
Biographical / Historical
Ebenezer D.C. Bassett (1833-1908) was principal of the Institute for Colored Youth in Philadelphia. He was the first black diplomat appointed by Pres. Grant minister to Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
Edward Blyden (1832-1912) emigrated to Liberia where he gained an education and became a black Christian missionary, professor at Liberia College and Liberia’s education minister.
Mary Ann Shadd Cary (1823-1893), a free-born black Pennsylvanian who was driven to Canada, in the wake of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law, came slowly to approve the colonization movement, which she forwarded in her newspaper, The Provincial Freeman.
William Coppinger (1828-1892) rose in the ranks of the American Colonization Society, becoming its secretary/treasurer and secretary of the Pennsylvania Colonization Society Alex Crummell (1819-1898), born in New York, attended Yale Theological Seminary, was a clergyman, scholar and activist and involved in the struggle for black rights and education and the development of Liberia.
Thomas J. Durant (1817-1882), a lawyer and slaveholder who fought for the Confederate army, he came to believe in black suffrage.
Frederick Douglass (1817-1895), an antislavery worker with the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society beginning in 1841 and one of the most prominent abolitionists of his time, and was generally opposed to colonization.
Martin Freeman (1826?-1889) emigrated to Liberia in 1864 and taught math and natural philosophy at Liberia College.
Henry Highland Garnet (1815-1882), a freed slave, became the first president of the African Civilization Society which provided support for those black people who chose to go to Africa under its aegis.
William S. Hilles (1825-1876) a Quaker, graduated from Haverford College in 1842, taught there from 1844-1845
John B. Pinney was in Liberia during the 1830s as a missionary and as temporary governor and it appears that in 1868 he returned there.
Joseph Jenkins Roberts (1809-1876), a successful entrepreneur who became Liberia’s first president in 1848, he courted and counted on the support of philanthropists in the United States and Britain, including Benjamin Coates.
Joseph Tracy (1793?-1874) was an author of such books as Colonization and missions. A historical examination of the state of society in western Africa, as formed by paganism and Muhammedanism, slavery ….
Information for biographical entries from: Back to Africa: Benjamin Coates and the colonization movement in America, 1848-1880 / edited by Emma J. Lapsansky-Werner, Margaret Hope Bacon ; with Marc Chalufour, Benjamin B. Miller, Meenakshi Rajan. University Park, Pa. Pennsylvania State University Press, c2005
1 Linear Feet (2 document boxes)
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- Abolitionists -- United States -- History -- 19th century
- American Colonization Society
- Antislavery movements -- United States
- Bassett, Ebenezer D., 1833-1908
- Blyden, Edward
- Cary, Mary Ann Shadd
- Coates, Benjamin, 1808-1887
- Coppinger, William
- Crummell, Alex
- Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895
- Freeman, Martin, 1826?-1889
- Garnet, Henry Highland
- Hilles, William Samuel, 1825-1876
- Liberia -- History
- Pinney, John Brooke
- Quaker abolitionists
- Roberts, Joseph Jenkins
- Tracy, Joseph, 1793?-1874
- Whipper, William
- Benjamin Coates African Colonization collection,1848-1880
- Natalia Gutierrez-Jones
- July, 2015
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
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