Society for Social Responsibility in Science records
Scope and Contents note
Several committees were formed by the SSRS, one of them, the Occupational Division, offered assistance to scientists seeking employment. Other committees were the Education Committee providing programs for an understanding of the work of SSRS to the public; the Small Tools Committee, which put tools "on the ground" in various foreign countries in order to assist in a variety of development projects, especially subsistence rural living. It also distributed books which had belonged to scientists who no longer needed them; also, the Nominating Committee and Executive Committee.
Materials were received from O. T. Benfey and the bulk from Franklin Miller. While, in general, these materials were integrated, it was deemed appropriate to keep separate the correspondence donated by Benfey. Therefore, there is correspondence provided by Franklin Miller which includes letters by and to Benfey and there is correspondence provided by Ted Benfey which includes letters of Miller. For the sake of clarity, each set of correspondence is also identified with the donor's name. Housed with the correspondence donated by Benfey are also three folders relating to his publications. The arrangement of all the Miller materials was mostly provided by Franklin Miller.
All correspondence dates are standardized rather than transcribed, viz: year month day.
Though not all letters are listed individually, those that are highlighted are done so on the basis of content of the letter or historical importance of the letter writer.
- 1948 - 1976
- Society for Social Responsibility in Science (Organization)
Conditions Governing Access note
Conditions Governing Use note
Members of the organization included Albert Einstein, Max Born, Anton Carlson, Victor Paschkis, Franklin Miller, O. Theodor Benfey, Herbert Jehle, Kathleen Lonsdale, Theodore B. Hetzel and M. Jane Oesterling, among others.
In 1949, Franklin Miller, a Professor of Physics at Kenyon College, was one of the founding members of SSRS. He was president of SSRS from 1953 to 1955 and editor of the monthly SSRS Newsletter distributed to some 500 readers world-wide from 1949 to about 1960.
Victor Paschkis was born in Vienna in 1898 where he studied at the Vienna Institute of Technology. He received degrees in mechanical and electrical engineering in 1921 and 1922 respectively and a science doctorate in 1923. From 1922 to 1930, he worked in various German and Austrian industries. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1938. He worked in industry until 1940, then as Director of the Heat and Mass Flow Analyzer Laboratory at Columbia University. He was the author of several books and published in numerous technical and scientific journals, as well as in the Friends Intelligencer, including in the fall of 1948 after which the first meeting of SSRS was convened at Haverford College. He was the founder and president of SSRS from 1949 to 1950. Victor Paschkis was a member of the Society of Friends.
Otto Theodor Benfey (1925-) was born in Germany, received his B.S. from London University in chemistry in 1945 and a Ph.D. in 1947. He was a post-doc fellow at Columbia University in 1947. He came to Haverford College as an assistant professor in 1948. He served as president from 1952 to 1953, as well as librarian and delegate at large in the SSRS. Benfry was a member of the Society of Friends.
Theodore Brinton Hetzel (1906-1990) was born in Germantown, Pennsylvania and attended Haverford College, graduating Phi Beta Kappa in 1928. He completed graduate studies in mechanical engineering at the University of Pennsylvania, the Technical University of Munich (Germany), and Penn State University. He returned to Haverford College in 1936 as a member of the faculty and later chair of the Department of Engineering, remaining on the faculty until 1972. Hetzel served on the Indian Committees of the American Friends Service Committee and Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. Adopted by the Seneca Indians, he was given the Indian name “Our friend.”
(Information from internal evidence, from the T.B. Hetzel papers and from the July 27, 2007 letter and August 11, 2007 email of Franklin Miller (in box 1 of collection)).
7 Linear Feet (14 boxes)
Custodial History note
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Processing Information note
Finding aid entered into the Archivists' Toolkit by Garrett Boos.
- Benfey, O. Theodor (Otto Theodor)
- Bethe, Hans A. (Hans Albrecht)
- Born, Max
- Carlson, Anton J. (Anton Julius), 1875-1956
- Einstein, Albert
- Miller, Franklin
- Muste, Abraham John, 1885-1967
- Paschkis, V. (Victor)
- Science -- Moral and ethical aspects
- Society for Social Responsibility in Science
- Technology -- Moral and ethical aspects
- bylaws (administrative records)
- membership lists
- promotional materials
- publications (documents)
- Society for Social Responsibility in Science records, 1948-1976
- Haverford College Library Special Collections
- October, 2010
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- The creation of the electronic guide for this collection was made possible through generous funding from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, administered through the Council on Library and Information Resources’ “Cataloging Hidden Special Collections and Archives” Project. Finding aid entered into the Archivists' Toolkit by Garrett Boos.
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