"The Code of Handsome Lake, the Seneca Prophet"
Scope and Contents
- Parker, Arthur Caswell (Person)
Work of the Indian Committee included teaching Native Americans and their children, monitoring legislation affecting Native Americans, and helping Native Americans combat frauds and abuses. The committee worked primarily with the Seneca on the Allegany and Cattaraugus Reservations in New York.
In 1798, five Quaker missionaries traveled to the Seneca Nation to instruct the members in husbandry and to establish a school. This group included three young men, Henry Simmons, Halliday Jackson, and Joel Swayne, as well as two Quaker elders, John Pierce and Joshua Sharpless. At the mission established by the Quakers, the men built a model farm, and a school was established and run by Henry Simmons beginning in the fall of 1798. Cornplanter, the Seneca leader at the time, allowed the Quaker missionaries to build their school and model farm, and Handsome Lake, Cornplanter's half brother, was exposed to Quakerism through these missionaries.
Sources: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Indian Committee finding aid
Arthur Caswell Parker (1881-1955) was born in 1881 on the Cattaraugus Reservation of the Seneca Nation of New York, the son of Frederick Ely Parker, a mixed race Seneca, and Geneva Hortense Griswold, a woman of Scots-English descent. He was an anthropologist who at the beginning of the 20th Century studied the Iroquois. Highly respected both by academics and the Iroquois, he wrote numerous works on their material culture, linguistics, folklore, archeology, and ethnology. He was the director of the Rochester Museum of Arts and Sciences from 1924 to 1945. In 1935, he was elected first president of the Society for American Archaeology. In 1944, Parker helped to found the National Congress of American Indians. He died in 1955.
0.06 Linear Feet (1 volume)
- "The Code of Handsome Lake, the Seneca Prophet," 1912
- Kara Flynn
- October, 2015
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