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Archives & Manuscripts

World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious Objectors -- United States

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 11 Collections and/or Records:

Lew Ayres Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Ayres, Lew
Abstract Primarily clippings from 1942, when Ayres became a conscientious objector.
Dates: Majority of material found in 1942

Civilian Public Service Fund Committee of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Records

 Collection
Identifier: QM-Phy-510
Scope and Contents Records of contributions and related correspondence of the Civilian Public Service Fund Committee of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (Hicksite), 1941-1945.
Dates: 1941-1945

Civilian Public Service publications

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-1236
Overview This collection consists primarily of the publications of conscientious objectors (COs) working at Civilian Public Service camps in the United States during World War II, performing "work of national importance" in lieu of combat. Camps were established for various purposes, from firefighting in the rural West to caring for mental patients and the elderly. The publications cover areas across the United States, although are focused in the Northeast, Upper Midwest and California. Two publications...
Dates: 1941-1946

Elkinton, Waring family papers

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-1239
Overview This is the story of multiple generations of the Elkinton and Waring families, but concentrated on two generations: that of Howard West Elkinton (1892-1955) and his wife, Katharine Wistar Mason Elkinton (1892/3-1961) and their daughter, Theodora Elkinton (1927- ) who married Thomas Waring (1921-2001). It is a story of life choices made by these Quakers: for Howard and Katharine Elkinton, to serve under the American Friends Service Committee in Europe after World War I and during World War II...
Dates: 1815-2006

Edward W. Evans Quaker Concerns Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SFHL-RG5-237
Overview Edward W. Evans (1882-1976) was a Quaker leader and lawyer active in the educational and peace concerns of the Society of Friends. The collection primarily contains papers compiled by Edward W. Evans during his time as Secretary of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (Orthodox), from 1938-1946. Of particular interest are the materials concerning Civilian Public Service. The collection is significant in its documentation of pacifist attitudes and the ways in which the Society of Friends was active...
Dates: 1938-1951

Joseph Felmet Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Felmet, Joseph
Abstract Collection includes two letters from Felmet; bulk of collection is photocopies regarding Felmet's draft resistance and civil rights work; also includes a photocopy of Felmet's FBI files.
Dates: Majority of material found within 1943-1994

Nelson Fuson Family Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SFHL-RG5-261
Overview Nelson Fuson was a physicist and educator, active in Quaker concerns. The collection contains extensive correspondence and papers concerning his service as a conscientious objector in Civilian Public Service during World War II. As the child of missionaries to China, his hope was to do relief service in China, and many of the papers deal with CPS China Units. However, the China Units were never activated and Fuson was assigned to camps in Maryland, Indiana, New York, and North Dakota. He also...
Dates: 1909-1996

William Huntington papers

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-1181
Scope and Contents The collection includes materials collected by William Huntington (1907–1990), a 20th-century Quaker peace activist. The contents of the collection relate to Civilian Public Service Camps, specifically Big Flats, Conscientious Objection, the Quaker United Nations Program, American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), the ketch The Golden Rule, and nuclear disarmament. Included are correspondence, photographs, conference papers, newspaper articles, memoranda, and...
Dates: 1932-1984

Joseph W. Reilly Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Reilly, Joseph W.
Abstract The collection includes information about the Eastern Pennsylvania Youth Council, the Friendship Cooperative House, the conference of the National Youth Assembly Against Universal Military Training, Washington D.C. February 15-16, 1948, the Philadelphia Resist Conscription Committee, the Philadelphia Youth Council to Oppose Conscription, the Philadelphia Town Meeting of Youth and Vets, and the Veterans Commission on Court-Martial Cases.
Dates: Majority of material found within 1945-1950

Reed Smith papers

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-882
Scope and Contents The papers consist of personal letters written by Reed Smith to his brother, Harlan Smith (sometimes addressed as Smitty), between the years of 1940 and 1947. There are also letters written to Reed Smith’s parents, Elizabeth May Wiggins and Ray Patton Smith. There is a mixture of handwritten and typed letters, as well as postcards, the majority of which are not photograph cards. The letters cover Reed Smith’s time as a conscientious objector during World War II and abroad in France and Poland...
Dates: 1940-1947