Civil rights -- United States -- History -- Sources
Subject Source: Library Of Congress Subject Headings
Found in 24 Collections and/or Records:
Overview In 1915 a group of New York pacifists and near-pacifists organized the "Anti-militarism Committee" to combat the war spirit of the time. Activities included lobbying, publishing, a lecture campaign, and the establishment of a Civil Liberties Bureau. The most notable achievements were the work in the successful effort to avert war with Mexico in 1916 and the encouragement of opposition to peacetime conscription following World War I. The office was raided by the government and American Union...
Dates: 1915 - 1922
Abstract Henry J. Cadbury (1883-1974) was a distinguished Biblical scholar, teacher, and a member of the Society of Friends. Cadbury was one of the founders of the American Friends Service Committee. He served as its chairman from both 1928 to 1934 and again from 1944 to 1960. Cadbury supervised famine relief both in the United States and in Europe.
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Center for Constitutional Rights
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Committee for Non-Violent Integration
Abstract Julien Cornell (1910-1994) practiced law in New York City, with a special interest in civil liberties. During World War II, he handled many cases for conscientious objectors, as well as advising many other COs about their various problems with the legal system. He was considered an expert on legal issues regarding conscientious objection and Civilian Public Service, and was consulted by many lawyers throughout the country for his opinions.
Abstract Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Dana was a writer and pacifist who taught comparative literature at Columbia University from 1912 until 1917. Dana lost his teaching post as an opponent of American participation in World War I. Dana continued to advocate civil liberties and the rights of conscientious objectors.
Abstract Esther Strum Frankel was a New Jersey attorney in the firm of Frankel and Frankel (along with her husband, Leopold), a pacifist, and civil rights activist; member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, served as head its Human Rights Committee, especially active in its New Jersey branch; also involved with Women Strike for Peace and other reform movements relating to feminism and disarmament; specialized in civil rights litigation in the 1950s and Selective Service...
Dates: 1948-1975; Majority of material found within 1967-1971
Abstract Dorothy Hewitt Hutchinson (l905-l984) began to gain influence in the peace movement when her pamphlet A Call to Peace Now was printed by the Friends in l943. That summer, Hutchinson and a small group of people started the Peace Now Movement, using her pamphlet to rally support for the principle of a negotiated settlement rather than unconditional surrender of the Axis powers. This group included George W. Hartmann, a psychology professor at Columbia, and John Collett. Hutchinson also worked to...
Overview J. Stuart Innerst was a United Brethren in Christ missionary to China in the 1920s. Innerst and his wife Marion Reachard Innerst left China in 1927 with great concerns about the influence of western imperialism in that country. J. Stuart Innerst served as pastor of several churches and joined the Society of Friends in 1943. In addition to his pastoral work, Innerst also served as the Director of the Quaker Friends in Washington Program (1960-1961, lobbied members of Congress regarding China,...
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Kusman, Helen
Overview Helen Kusman was active in the peace movement from the 1950s through the 1980s, and worked on many issues. She served as the chairman of the New York Metropolitan Branch of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF), from 1970 to 1974. From 1973 to 1979 she served as Vice-President of the National Executive Board, representing the Northeast Region of the WILPF.