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Archives & Manuscripts

Conscientious objection -- United States -- History -- Sources

 Subject
Subject Source: Library Of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 28 Collections and/or Records:

Alliance for Conscientious Objectors Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-088
Abstract The Alliance for Conscientious Objectors (AFCO), based in Seattle (Washington), was founded in 1970 by John Long and Paul Anderson, who served as its national coordinator. It changed its name in 1972 to represent a wider scope of purpose. During this time, conscientious objectors who performed two years of alternate service, the same period as those drafted into the military served, were not entitled to Veterans Administration benefits under the GI Bill of Rights. By 1974 AFCO had reached a...

Boston Draft Resistance Group Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Boston Draft Resistance Group
Abstract The Boston Draft Resistance Group offered draft counseling and organized opposition to the Vietnam War in the Boston (Massachusetts) area.

Mary D. Brite Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Brite, Mary D.
Abstract Holdings in this collection deal almost exclusively with social reform.

CCCO/An Agency for Military and Draft Counseling Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-073
Abstract CCCO developed a nationwide network of military and draft counselors and attorneys to assist conscientious objectors. Most active during the Korean and Vietnam Wars, the CCCO promoted such issues as amnesty, repatriation, and counter-recruitment.Operations were suspended in late October 2009. As of 2010, some of their counseling service has been taken over by the GI Rights Hotline.

Center on Conscience and War Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-025
Overview Organization still in existence that was formed to aid conscientious objectors in World War II.

Sheldon D. Clark Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Clark, Sheldon D.

Consultative Peace Council Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Consultative Peace Council
Abstract Includes correspondence, reports, financial records, administrative files, minutes of meetings, publicity materials, brochures, newspaper clippings. Correspondents include: Devere Allen, Dorothy Detzer, Alfred Hassler, Jessie Wallace Hughan, Abe Kaufman, Frederick J. Libby, A.J. Muste, Ray Newton, Mildred Scott Olmsted, John Swomley, E. Raymond Wilson, and M.R. Zigler.

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Dana Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-011
Abstract Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Dana was a writer and pacifist who taught comparative literature at Columbia University from 1912 until 1917. Dana lost his teaching post as an opponent of American participation in World War I. Dana continued to advocate civil liberties and the rights of conscientious objectors.

Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-048
Abstract The Federal Council of Churches organized its Committee on the Conscientious Objector under its Department of International Justice and Goodwill in 1941. The Committee was interested in all aspects of conscientious objection, especially religious life in Civilian Public Service camps. Among the Committee's projects was the organizing of a program of visitation to CPS camps.

Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.) Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-013
Abstract The Fellowship of Reconciliation in the U.S. was founded in 1915 by Christian pacifists. The organization, whose members are now drawn from many religious groups, seeks to apply principles of peace and social justice and non-violent social change to issues such as disarmament, conscription, race relations, economic justice, and civil liberties.