Skip to main content Skip to search Skip to search results
Archives & Manuscripts

Pacifists -- United States -- History -- Sources

 Subject
Subject Source: Library Of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 114 Collections and/or Records:

Jane Addams Collection

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-001
Overview A world-famous social reformer; co-founded the first settlement house in America in 1889; championed many causes on behalf of the urban poor, such as protection of immigrants, child labor laws, industrial safety, juvenile courts, and recognition of labor unions; a leading figure in the movement for international peace; awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931.

Devere Allen Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-053
Abstract Author, editor, journalist and lecturer; advocate of internationalist pacifism; influential member of the Socialist Party in the 1930s; genealogist; recorder of Rhode Island history and lore; named Harold Devere Allen.

William Charles Allen Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Allen, William Charles
Overview William C. Allen was born in 1857 in Chester County, Pennsylvania. He was a member of the Society of Friends. Allen was deeply opposed to war and wrote often about the problems of propaganda, censorship, conscription, imperialism, and the munitions industry. He traveled widely and wrote many articles about his experiences abroad.

American Friends Service Committee Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-American Friends Service Committee
Abstract The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) was set up in June 1917 as an outgrowth of and coordination point for the anti-war and relief activities of various bodies of the Religious Society of Friends in the United States.

Bent Andresen Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Andreson, Bent
Abstract Bent Andresen registered as a conscientious objector during WWII, and was sent to a Civilian Public Service in 1944. Andresen participated in a "guinea pig project" in which he and several other C.O.s lived in a refrigerated room for three months to test the impact of a high-protein diet on cold-weather conditions. He went AWOL in 1945 and was sentenced to two years in prison. Andreson was involved in various peace/justice groups throughout his lifetime.

Bennett W. Andrews and Florence N. Andrews Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-209
Abstract Bennett Andrews was an absolutist conscientious objector during World War II. He served a five year sentence Danbury Prison, a federal penitentiary, in Connecticut. There he worked in a number of positions in the prison. Bennett Andrews was released from prison on July 11, 1946 and received amnesty from President Truman in 1947. Florence Andrews (born in 1913) married Bennett on July 22, 1938. She was also a strong pacifist, who fully supported her husband's C.O. stance.

Anna Garlin Spencer Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-034
Overview Anna Carpenter Garlin Spencer was a minister, feminist, educator, pacifist, and writer on ethics and social problems. Spencer was the first woman in Rhode Island to be ordained and served as the minister of the Bell Street Chapel from 1891 to 1902. Spencer was active in the cause of women's rights for more than forty years and served as the president of the Rhode Island Equal Suffrage Association. Spencer's interest in pacifism also led her to prominent positions with the National Peace and...

Harold Barton Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Barton, Harold
Abstract In the early 1940s National Mental Health Foundation originated in 1944-1945 when Harold Barton and three associates, serving at Byberry State Hospital in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), announced plans for a national campaign to improve the conditions in mental hospitals. The exposure of these conditions through the efforts of men serving in CPS, and their efforts to be a nonviolent presence in mental institutions, began a new movement in mental health care in the U.S. The National Mental Health...

Wilmer Brandt Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Brandt, Wilmer
Overview Brandt was a conscientious objector to war, a Quaker, and interested in peace throughout his life.