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Archives & Manuscripts

Draft -- United States -- History -- Sources

 Subject
Subject Source: Library Of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 31 Collections and/or Records:

Alliance for Conscientious Objectors Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-088
Abstract The Alliance for Conscientious Objectors (AFCO), based in Seattle (Washington), was founded in 1970 by John Long and Paul Anderson, who served as its national coordinator. It changed its name in 1972 to represent a wider scope of purpose. During this time, conscientious objectors who performed two years of alternate service, the same period as those drafted into the military served, were not entitled to Veterans Administration benefits under the GI Bill of Rights. By 1974 AFCO had reached a...

American Civil Liberties Union: National Committee on Conscientious Objectors Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-022
Overview The roots of the NCCO began shortly after conscription in WWII was instituted. Little is known about the New York Office of the NCCO. It was headquartered at 31 Union Square West in New York City (NY) where the ACLU had its offices, and was likely set up in 1940, under the chairmanship of Norman Angell, and stayed in existence through 1945. In Washington (DC), the Temporary Committee for Legal Aid to Conscientious Objectors was formed in 1940. R. Boland Brooks had gone to NSBRO (National...

American Union Against Militarism Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-004
Overview In 1915 a group of New York pacifists and near-pacifists organized the "Anti-militarism Committee" to combat the war spirit of the time. Activities included lobbying, publishing, a lecture campaign, and the establishment of a Civil Liberties Bureau. The most notable achievements were the work in the successful effort to avert war with Mexico in 1916 and the encouragement of opposition to peacetime conscription following World War I. The office was raided by the government and American Union...

CCCO/An Agency for Military and Draft Counseling Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-073
Abstract CCCO developed a nationwide network of military and draft counselors and attorneys to assist conscientious objectors. Most active during the Korean and Vietnam Wars, the CCCO promoted such issues as amnesty, repatriation, and counter-recruitment.Operations were suspended in late October 2009. As of 2010, some of their counseling service has been taken over by the GI Rights Hotline.

Center on Conscience and War Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-025
Overview Organization still in existence that was formed to aid conscientious objectors in World War II.

Committee on Militarism in Education Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-009
Abstract Includes minutes of the executive committee, annual reports, correspondence (1925-1940), financial records, form letters, articles and manuscripts, pamphlets, CME periodicals and other publications, photographs, and newspaper clippings. Subject files provide state-by-state coverage of the U.S. Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC), Citizens Military Training Corps (CMTC) and Civilian Conservation Corps, and congressional anti-conscription campaigns. Correspondents include Devere Allen, Eunice...

Julien D. Cornell Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-010
Abstract Julien Cornell (1910-1994) practiced law in New York City, with a special interest in civil liberties. During World War II, he handled many cases for conscientious objectors, as well as advising many other COs about their various problems with the legal system. He was considered an expert on legal issues regarding conscientious objection and Civilian Public Service, and was consulted by many lawyers throughout the country for his opinions.