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Archives & Manuscripts

Conscientious objectors -- United States -- History -- Sources

 Subject
Subject Source: Library Of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 22 Collections and/or Records:

American Friends Service Committee: Civilian Public Service / Prison Service Committee Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-002
Overview Organized to provide alternative service for conscientious objectors, who were assigned "work of national importance under civilian direction; the historic peace churches (Church of the Brethren, Religious Society of Friends and the Mennonite Church) band ed together to form the National Service Board for Religious Objectors (NISBRO) which coordinated the civilian public service (CPS) program; the American Friends Service Committee administered seventeen CPS camps and over thirty special...
Dates: 1940-1947

Association of Catholic Conscientious Objectors Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Association of Catholic Conscientious Objectors

Raymond Binford and Helen Binford Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Binford, Raymond and Helen
Overview Raymond Binford served as President of Guilford College, High Point, North Carolina, for 16 years, before taking a leave of absence to become the director of Civilian Public Service Camp #19 (Buck Creek Camp, Marion, North Carolina), during World War II.
Dates: 1941-1946

Wilmer Brandt Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Brandt, Wilmer
Overview Brandt was a conscientious objector to war, a Quaker, and interested in peace throughout his life.
Dates: Majority of material found within 1952-2007

Center on Conscience and War Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-025
Overview Organization still in existence that was formed to aid conscientious objectors in World War II.
Dates: 1940-2015

Civilian Public Service Personal Papers and Collected Materials

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-056
Abstract Chiefly the personal papers of conscientious objectors assigned to Civilian Public Service (CPS) camps during World War II, such as correspondence, writings, memoirs, and reference material about CPS. Also included are records of or about various CPS camps and projects.
Dates: 1939-

Civilian Public Service Union Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-008
Abstract The Civilian Public Service Union was organized at the beginning of 1944 in the CPS camp at Big Flats, New York. Men at other camps and units quickly joined the group. CPSU, a union for "drafted workers conscientiously opposed to war," was formed to provide an organized means of communication and group action among men in all sections of CPS and to combat the waste and injustice of the CPS system itself. Ralph C. Rudd served as chairman from late 1944 until CPSU was dissolved in early 1946.
Dates: 1944-1946

Committee to End Slave Labor in America Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Committee to End Slave Labor in America
Abstract Includes correspondence, flyers, reports.
Dates: Majority of material found in 1946

Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-048
Abstract The Federal Council of Churches organized its Committee on the Conscientious Objector under its Department of International Justice and Goodwill in 1941. The Committee was interested in all aspects of conscientious objection, especially religious life in Civilian Public Service camps. Among the Committee's projects was the organizing of a program of visitation to CPS camps.
Dates: 1941-1946

Henry LeRoy Finch Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-195
Overview Henry Leroy (Roy) Finch Jr. was a pacifist, conscientious objector to World War II, philosopher and writer.
Dates: 1933-1995