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Archives & Manuscripts

Pacifism -- United States -- History -- Sources

 Subject
Subject Source: Library Of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 13 Collections and/or Records:

Consultative Peace Council Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Consultative Peace Council
Abstract Includes correspondence, reports, financial records, administrative files, minutes of meetings, publicity materials, brochures, newspaper clippings. Correspondents include: Devere Allen, Dorothy Detzer, Alfred Hassler, Jessie Wallace Hughan, Abe Kaufman, Frederick J. Libby, A.J. Muste, Ray Newton, Mildred Scott Olmsted, John Swomley, E. Raymond Wilson, and M.R. Zigler.
Dates: Majority of material found within 1930-1969; Majority of material found within 1939-1955

Emergency Peace Campaign Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-012
Abstract Initiated in late 1935 by the American Friends Service Committee and other pacifists; originally planned as a two-year campaign to rally peace, religious, labor, African-American and student groups; aim was to organize a national campaign to promote peace principles in the face of preparation for war in Europe, and to keep the United States out of war; may have been preceded by the Emergency Peace Committee (1931-1933), though this has not been documented. The first EPC office opened in...
Dates: 1936-1937

Emergency Peace Committee Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Emergency Peace Committee

Edward W. Evans Quaker Concerns Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SFHL-RG5-237
Overview Edward W. Evans (1882-1976) was a Quaker leader and lawyer active in the educational and peace concerns of the Society of Friends. The collection primarily contains papers compiled by Edward W. Evans during his time as Secretary of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (Orthodox), from 1938-1946. Of particular interest are the materials concerning Civilian Public Service. The collection is significant in its documentation of pacifist attitudes and the ways in which the Society of Friends was active...
Dates: 1938-1951

Edward W. Evans Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-122
Overview Edward Wyatt Evans (1882-1976) was a lifelong member of the Germantown (Pennsylvania) Monthly Meeting and was active in the Friends Peace Committee of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting. Evans was instrumental in the founding of the Fellowship of Reconciliation (Fellowship of Reconcilation), and was the executive secretary from 1916-1919. During the 1920s, he was also active in educational and peace programs of the Society of Friends.
Dates: 1916-1922

Nelson Fuson Family Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SFHL-RG5-261
Overview Nelson Fuson was a physicist and educator, active in Quaker concerns. The collection contains extensive correspondence and papers concerning his service as a conscientious objector in Civilian Public Service during World War II. As the child of missionaries to China, his hope was to do relief service in China, and many of the papers deal with CPS China Units. However, the China Units were never activated and Fuson was assigned to camps in Maryland, Indiana, New York, and North Dakota. He also...
Dates: 1909-1996

J. Stuart Innerst Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-103
Overview J. Stuart Innerst was a United Brethren in Christ missionary to China in the 1920s. Innerst and his wife Marion Reachard Innerst left China in 1927 with great concerns about the influence of western imperialism in that country. J. Stuart Innerst served as pastor of several churches and joined the Society of Friends in 1943. In addition to his pastoral work, Innerst also served as the Director of the Quaker Friends in Washington Program (1960-1961, lobbied members of Congress regarding China,...
Dates: 1920-1975

Intentional Low Income Group Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Intentional Low Income Group
Abstract Collection includes bulletins and statements of the Intentional Low Income Group.
Dates: Majority of material found within 1952-1954

Keep America Out of War Congress Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Keep America Out of War
Overview The Keep America Out of War Congress was founded in 1938 (as the Keep America Out of War Comittee), by several leading peace organizations. The Congress was to pursue a joint, minimum six-point peace program. The aims of this program included the removal of U.S. ships and nationals from belligerent zones, a war referendum, the abandonment of plans for conscription and industrial mobilization, and greater economic and social justice at home and abroad. The Keep America Out of War Congress was...
Dates: 1938-1942

Left Wing Pacifist-Socialists Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Left Wing Pacifist-Socialists
Abstract This file includes correspondence and memoranda dated 1945, pertaining to the proposed organization of a new movement for radical nonviolent pacifists. Includes a letter of April 27, 1945, of which signers include Rex Corfman, Henry Dyer, Roy Finch, Lewis Hill, Morris Horowitz, Byron Johnson, Igal Roodenko, and Stanley Rappeport; a list of the addressees is included on the same page as the signers. Collection also includes a "Memorandum on Effective Pacifist Organization for Action" by George...
Dates: Majority of material found in 1945