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Archives & Manuscripts

World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious objectors -- Sources

 Subject
Subject Source: Library Of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 14 Collections and/or Records:

American Civil Liberties Union: National Committee on Conscientious Objectors Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-022
Overview The roots of the NCCO began shortly after conscription in WWII was instituted. Little is known about the New York Office of the NCCO. It was headquartered at 31 Union Square West in New York City (NY) where the ACLU had its offices, and was likely set up in 1940, under the chairmanship of Norman Angell, and stayed in existence through 1945. In Washington (DC), the Temporary Committee for Legal Aid to Conscientious Objectors was formed in 1940. R. Boland Brooks had gone to NSBRO (National...
Dates: 1940-1946

Bent Andresen Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Andreson, Bent
Abstract Bent Andresen registered as a conscientious objector during WWII, and was sent to a Civilian Public Service in 1944. Andresen participated in a "guinea pig project" in which he and several other C.O.s lived in a refrigerated room for three months to test the impact of a high-protein diet on cold-weather conditions. He went AWOL in 1945 and was sentenced to two years in prison. Andreson was involved in various peace/justice groups throughout his lifetime.
Dates: 1928-1991

Bennett W. Andrews and Florence N. Andrews Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-209
Abstract Bennett Andrews was an absolutist conscientious objector during World War II. He served a five year sentence Danbury Prison, a federal penitentiary, in Connecticut. There he worked in a number of positions in the prison. Bennett Andrews was released from prison on July 11, 1946 and received amnesty from President Truman in 1947. Florence Andrews (born in 1913) married Bennett on July 22, 1938. She was also a strong pacifist, who fully supported her husband's C.O. stance.
Dates: 1940-1950, 1979-1980

Charles Bloomstein Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Bloomstein, Charles
Abstract Charles Bloomstein (1913 - 2002) was involved in a number of organizations that promoted civil rights, as well as peace. He was a conscientious objector during World War II, and served in Civilian Public Service (CPS) for three years.
Dates: Majority of material found within 1938-2002

Eichel Family Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-131
Overview The Eichel Family papers provide a unique glimpse into the lives of conscientious objectors and peace activists from one family over two generations, from 1916 onward. Julius Eichel, David Eichel and Albert Eichel were all C.O.s during WWI. Julius Eichel and his wife Esther Eichel protested WWII. Their son Seymour Eichel also served time in prison for his refusal to serve in the military in the 1950s.
Dates: 1918 - 2008

Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-048
Abstract The Federal Council of Churches organized its Committee on the Conscientious Objector under its Department of International Justice and Goodwill in 1941. The Committee was interested in all aspects of conscientious objection, especially religious life in Civilian Public Service camps. Among the Committee's projects was the organizing of a program of visitation to CPS camps.
Dates: 1941-1946

Henry LeRoy Finch Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-195
Overview Henry Leroy (Roy) Finch Jr. was a pacifist, conscientious objector to World War II, philosopher and writer.
Dates: 1933-1995

Albon Man Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Man, Albon P.
Abstract Albon Platt Man Jr.,was called up for the draft during World War II, but failed to register because of his conscientious objection to war, and was sentenced to three years in prison in March 1943. He was later involvemented with the Committee for Amnesty, the CCCO, the War Resisters League, and other peace groups.
Dates: Majority of material found within 1943-1965

Metropolitan Board for Conscientious Objectors Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-060
Abstract The Metropolitan Board for Conscientious Objectors was a non-sectarian, free advisory service for conscientious objectors to war and military service. The MBCO was set up to provide counseling and legal aid in metropolitan New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut and established by the United Pacifist Committee in 1940. The group disbanded in 1980.
Dates: 1940-1980

National Council of Churches USA Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-National Council of Churches USA
Overview The records of the FCC and NCC highlight the unifying issues for national church work, including labor rights, anti-racism, and conscientious objection.
Dates: 1908-