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Archives & Manuscripts

Pacifism

 Subject
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 18 Collections and/or Records:

"War Unlawful to Christians"

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-975-07-101
Scope and Content note This collection is comprised of the single volume, handwritten, anonymous manuscript entitled, "War unlawful to Christians." The volume argues for pacifism, citing biblical and historical evidence that war is inherently evil, and as such, is a product of the devil.
Dates: Undated

Iwao Frederick Ayusawa papers

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-969
Abstract Iwao Frederick Ayusawa (1894-1972) spent much of his life working with the International Labor Organization, and later on the faculty of the International Christian University in Japan. The collection consists primarily of personal letters, speaking of his belief in pacifism and his work in Geneva and Japan.
Dates: 1918-1964

Harold J. Chance papers

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-1214
Abstract Harold J. Chance (1898-1975) worked for peace education through the American Friends Service Committee, the Peace Caravans, the Youth Section of the Emergency Peace Campaign, the Institute of International Relations, and the Friends Peace Service from 1934-1964. Included in the Harold Chance papers are correspondence, journals, writings, mailings, reports, and materials on the Friends Peace Service. Also included are Harold Haines Brinton's (1884-1973) lectures and course notes on topics such...
Dates: 1938-1964

Christian Arbitration and Peace Society Records

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-975-09-006
Scope and Contents This collection includes one volume, which contains the Constitution of the Pennsylvania Auxiliary of the American Peace Society - the Christian Arbitration and Peace Society - along with signatories of the document. It also includes minutes, reports, articles, and related information. There are some loose papers with similar topics, as well as a handwritten "Historic Statement of the Christian Arbitration and Peace Society Membership work - 1886 - 1903."
Dates: 1886-1896

Civilian Public Service publications

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-1236
Overview This collection consists primarily of the publications of conscientious objectors (COs) working at Civilian Public Service camps in the United States during World War II, performing "work of national importance" in lieu of combat. Camps were established for various purposes, from firefighting in the rural West to caring for mental patients and the elderly. The publications cover areas across the United States, although are focused in the Northeast, Upper Midwest and California. Two publications...
Dates: 1941-1946

Samuel Cooper papers

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-975-11-008
Scope and Content note This collection is comprised of five folders of materials related to Samuel Cooper's conscientious objection to WWII. The collection includes Cooper's correspondence with political leaders, court officials, organizations for religious objection, and his family members in the months leading to the war, during the period of his arrest and imprisonment, and for the remainder of the war.
Dates: 1939-1948

"War Taxes: The Experience of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Quakers, 1681-1800"

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-975-07-027
Scope and Content note This collection is comprised of the single volume manuscript of Elaine Crauderueff's thesis for the Master of Arts in Religious Studies from Villanova University. The manuscript provides an overview of religious background of Quaker pacifism, including Quaker's relationships with government authorities and the Peace Testimony of 1660. Also describes Quakers in the legislature, consequences of Quaker pacifism, and war taxes from 1750-1800, particularly war taxes in Pennsylvania, and war taxes in...
Dates: 1986

Henry and Elizabeth Drinker letters

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-854
Scope and Contents note This collection contains letters exchanged between Henry and Elizabeth Drinker during Henry’s 1777-1778 exile to Winchester, Virginia. The correspondence spans fairly consistently over this nearly year-long imprisonment, and each letter is accompanied by a typed transcript. The letters discuss Drinker’s imprisonment, including information about his fellow prisoners, his heath and mental wellbeing, and the politics of his imprisonment. Drinker also makes repeated appeals to be kept updated about...
Dates: 1777-1778

"War Inconsistent with the Christian Character"

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-975-07-037
Scope and Content note This collection is comprised of the single volume of Thomas Greene's manuscript, entitled "War Inconsistent with the Christian Character," which discusses the "pacific sentiments" of Quakers.
Dates: 1822

Leon Kanegis papers

 Collection
Identifier: HC.MC-1193
Scope and Contents The collection consists of Leon Kanegis’ writings on various civil rights, religious and political topics, as well as copies of his letters, including to his family, to political and judicial figures. As well, there are Kanegis’ teaching and committee membership files, spiritual diaries and philosophical deliberations, including into his own health issues, and cassette tapes on teaching in the First Day School. There are also annotated books on faiths explored by Kanegis and letters from the...
Dates: 1940-2003