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Enoch Hoag letterbooks

Identifier: HC.MC-1104

Scope and Contents

The collection includes materials from 1860 to 1868 documenting the Central Superintendency, letters to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs in Washington, letters to the Indian Agents under the jurisdiction of Hoag, and letters characterized as "Individual letters." The letters are signed by Enoch Hoag, Cyrus Beede (chief clerk to Hoag), or Edward F. Hoag (Hoag's son and clerk). Much of the correspondence is of a routine nature and is concerned with the day-­to-­day running of the Superintendency and Agencies. There are also letters on various problems and situations that arose during Hoag's tenure, such as the murder of the Chief of the Wichita Tribe (Kitikiti'sh) by members of the Osage Nation (Wahzhazhe) and the murder of four members of the Osage Nation (Wahzhazhe) by the [Kansas?] militia. With the exception of four volumes, the books are apparently completely indexed and each index includes a brief summary of the contents of each letter.


  • Creation: 1870-1878


Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).

Biographical note

Enoch Hoag (1812-­1884) was the son of Stephen and Martha Hoag. He was engaged in the mercantile business until 1854, when he moved to Iowa and worked as a farmer. He was active in abolition work and aided Freedmen's education. In 1869, he was was appointed Superintendent of the Central Superintendency in 1869 by President Grant under Grant's "Peace Policy." This policy gave Orthodox Friends supervision of Indigenous Americans located in Kansas and "Indian Territory." The Superintendency's headquarters were at Lawrence, Kansas. Under Hoag's jurisdiction were nine "Indian Agents" (also Friends), who were assigned to various Agencies throughout the Central Superitendency. Indigenous Nations who were under Hoag's jurisdiction included the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma (Kiikaapoa), Shawnee Tribe (Shawano?), Citizen Potawatomi Nation (Neshnabek), Kaw Nation (Kanza, referred to as "Kansas" in the papers), Osage Nation (Wazhazhe), Quapaw Nation (Ugahxpa), Sac Nation (Thakiwaki, Sauk) and Fox Nation (Meskwaki, Meshkwahkihaki), Cheyenne Nation (Tsitsistas), Arapaho Tribe (Hinono’ei), Wichita Tribe (Kitikiti'sh), Kiowa (Ka'igwu), Comanche Nation (Numinu), and Apache Tribe of Oklahoma Plains (Ka-ta-kas, sometimes referred to as Kiowa Apaches).

Hoag's duties included the establishment of schools, the distribution of supplies, and the payment of government annuities. Hoag resigned his position in 1876, and was succeeded by Dr. William Nicholson. In 1879, Friends withdrew from government sponsored work, partly due to the change in governance with the election of President Hayes.


4 linear ft. (16 volumes)

Language of Materials



Letters to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs in Washington, letters to Indian Agents under the jurisdiction of Hoag, and letters characterized as "Individual letters" from 1870 to 1878.


Volumes are organized chronologically.

Related Materials

  • Enoch Hoag papers, 1865-1883 (MC 1034)
  • Jonathan Richards papers (MC 964)
  • Associated Executive Committee of Friends on Indian Affairs (MC 1003)
  • Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Indian Committee records (QM-Phy-838)

Processing Information

Original processing information unknown.

Enoch Hoag letterbooks, 1870-1878
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Revision Statements

  • May 2022: by Nathaniel Rehm-Daly, Harmful Language Revision Project

Find It at the Library

Most of the materials in this catalog are not digitized and can only be accessed in person. Please see our website for more information about visiting or requesting repoductions from Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections Library

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Haverford PA 19041 USA US