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Protests Against Slavery

Identifier: HC.MC-975-11-055

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of the Germantown Protest of 1688 and the Merion Protest of 1696.


  • Creation: 1688 - 1696


Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research use.

Use Restrictions

Standard Federal Copyright Law Applies (U.S. Title 17)

Historical note

The Germantown Protest: This 1688 protest written by Gerret Hendricks, Abraham Isacks op den Graeff, Derick Isacks op den Graeff, and Francis Daniel Pastorius, was the first organized protest against slavery in the Americas. Its authors were German-American Quakers. The document was presented to Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, but did not meet with a positive response.

The Merion Protest: This protest was written in 1696 by Cadwalader Morgan, a Quaker who lived in Merion, Pennsylvania. Morgan was a Welsh immigrant; he died in 1711. The protest was presented to the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, which discouraged members from purchasing slaves. This was the first time the Meeting had directly addressed the slave trade.


.1 Linear Feet (1 box)




This collection includes the 1688 Germantown Protest and the 1696 Merion Protest. The Germantown Protest was the first organized petition against slavery in the Americas. The Merion protest led to the first instance in which Phildadelphia Yearly Meeting addressed the slave trade.


Each item is an individual document.

Related Materials

Philadelphia Yearly Meeting records

Processing Information

Processed by Sarah Horowitz, completed August 21, 2017.

Protests Against Slavery
Sarah M. Horowitz
August, 2017
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Find It at the Library

Most of the materials in this catalog are not digitized and can only be accessed in person. Please see our website for more information about visiting or requesting reproductions from Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections Library

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Haverford PA 19041 USA US