Scope and Contents
This collection contains material collected by Anna Pettit Broomell and primarily consists of the writings and correspondence of Anna Pettit Broomell, Dorothy Canfield Fisher, and Sarah Cleghorn. It includes letters from Wallace and Zephine Fahnestock, A.J. Muste, Norman Thomas, David Baumgardt, the Broomell family, and the Friends Council on Education. The letters between the three women are mostly personal, but include discussions of their works and activism. The collection has several drafts of manuscripts and poems. There are also journal entries from Sarah Cleghorn and material collected for Sarah Cleghorn’s memorials and oral history project. There is published material from and about Dorothy Canfield Fisher and Sarah Cleghorn, and a draft of a book about Dorothy Canfield Fisher and written by Anna Broomell.
Limitations on Accessing the Collection
Permission from the Director or Curator of Friends Historical Library must be obtained before researchers may consult the manuscript, War Journal of a Pacifist.. The remainder of the collection is open for research.
Copyright and Rights Information
Copyright has not been assigned to Friends Historical Library. All requests for permission to use the material to write a book about Sarah N. Cleghorn must be submitted to her Literary Executor, the Estate of Sarah Fisher Scott. Friends Historical Library may permit the use of these papers "for any general reference work, papers, essays, etc."
Biographical / Historical
Dorothy Canfield Fisher was a famous American author in the early 20th century and a major proponent of the Montessori Method. She spent her adult life in Vermont, where she became friends with Sarah Cleghorn. Sarah Cleghorn was a Quaker author and activist from Vermont who did collaborative work with Fisher. In 1943, Cleghorn moved to Philadelphia. Anna Pettit Broomell took care of her as her health declined and edited Cleghorn's poetry in 1956. Broomell was a Quaker author of children’s books; the introduction to her most successful volume was written by Dorothy Canfield Fisher in 1935.
Dorothy Canfield Fisher was born on February 17, 1879, in Lawrence, Kansas. Mrs. Fisher received her BA from The Ohio State University in 1899 and her doctoral degree in Romance Languages in 1904 from Columbia University. She also received honorary degrees from Dartmouth College, the University of Nebraska, Middlebury, Swarthmore, Smith, Williams, Ohio State University, and the University of Vermont. She married John Redwood Fisher in 1907, with whom she had two children. Her son James was a captain and surgeon during World War II and died during a raid in the Philippines in 1944. There is material about her son and his death in this collection. Mrs. Fisher died in 1958 in Arlington, Vermont at the age of 79.
Sarah Cleghorn was born on February 4, 1876, in Norfolk, Virginia. She lived in Wisconsin and Minnesota before moving to Vermont at the age of 9. In 1895, she graduated from Burr and Burton Seminary in Manchester, Vermont and also studied at Radcliffe College. She began her teaching career and activism in 1915 and was an activist for many causes throughout her life. She moved to Philadelphia in 1943 and died in 1959.
Anna Pettit Broomell was born on December 3, 1887, and graduated from Swarthmore College in 1907. She earned a M.A. from Columbia University and married George Lupton Broomell, Swarthmore Class of 1906, with whom she had two children. She lived in Philadelphia her whole life and died in 1972.