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New York Bureau of Legal Advice Records

 Collection — othertype: Reel 142.1
Identifier: SCPC-Reel-142.1


Holdings in Tamiment Library: about half the records of the New York Bureau of Legal Advice consist of case histories pertaining to selective service exemption, draft evasion, conscientious objector status, military imprisonment, military discharge, desertion, amnesty, civil liberties and deportations. One third of the collection consists of office files, administrative reports and correspondence, including extensive fundraising correspondence. The remainder of the collection is made up of press releases and newspaper clippings. Correspondents include Mary Beard, Sarah N. Cleghorn, Bina Flynn, Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, Agnes Smedley, Louis Untermeyer, Thorsten Veblen, H.L. Mencken, Sinclair Lewis, Judah L. Magnes, and Stephen Wise.


  • Creation: 1917-1919


Biographical / Historical

First known as the New York Bureau of Legal First Aid; operated from April 6, 1917 to the autumn of 1919 when its assets were turned over to the People's Freedom Union; assisted men who were subject to the draft process, defended the legal rights of conscientious objectors, many of whom were socialists and foreign-born aliens from combatant nations; fought against the deportation of members of the International Workers of the World; predated the similar National Civil Liberties Bureau; confined its activities to New York conscientious objection cases.


5.42 linear ft. (5.42 linear ft.)

Language of Materials



Organized into six series: Series I. Office files; Series II. Correspondence files; Series III. Case files (aliens, deportations, special individuals); Series IV. Case files (conscientious objectors); Series V. Case files (draft boards, aliens, dependents); Series VI. Press releases and newspaper clippings.

Related Archival Materials

Custodian--A small collection of records of this organization is available at the Swarthmore College Peace Collection, Swarthmore, Pennsylvania..

General Note

Microfilm reproduction of originals in: Tamiment Library, New York University, New York, NY.

General Note

Printed on microfilm container: Robert F. Wagner Archives.

Reproduction Note

Type of reproduction--Microfilm.; Place of reproduction--New York, NY :; Agency responsible for reproduction--Tamiment Library: Date of reproduction--[1990?]. Physical description of reproduction--10 microfilm reels ; 35 mm.

Description rules
Archives, Personal Papers, And Manuscripts (Appm)
Language of description
Script of description

Find It at the Library

Most of the materials in this catalog are not digitized and can only be accessed in person. Please see our website for more information about visiting or requesting repoductions from Swarthmore College Peace Collection Library

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