Conscientious objection -- United States -- History -- Sources
Found in 28 Collections and/or Records:
Correspondence includes letters responding to requests for support of conscientious objector status applications written by former students and/or Quaker acquaintances. He wrote letters on their behalf to various draft boards.
Rosika Schwimmer was a suffragist and feminist leader from Hungary who worked internationally. She founded several Hungarian societies for the advancement of trade unionism, land reform, feminism, female suffrage and pacifism and worked to promote peace during World War I. She helped to form a number of U.S. and international peace groups, including the Emergency Peace Federation, the Henry Ford Peace Expedition, and the Woman's Peace Party. She received the World Peace Prize in 1937.
This organization was stablished around 1956 by Robert Stowell and others as an American affiliate of Service Civil International with the goals of voluntary service, self-discipline, and international friendship. The group operated approximately 87 workcamps between 1954 and 1974. SCI provided placements and alternative service for conscientious objectors. SCI suspended operation in the mid-1970s, but was revived in the mid-1980s by a group of former SCI volunteers.
John M. Swomley, Jr.; minister in the Methodist Church; served as Director of the National Council Against Conscription, editor of Conscription News, and as National Secretary of the Fellowship of Reconciliation; active with the American Friends Service Committee and the American Civil Liberties Union; campaigned against universal military training; author of books on militarism and the Cold War.