Emily Howland Family Papers
Scope and Contents
The collection contains correspondence, journals, other manuscripts, memorabilia, and pictures of Emily Howland and members of the Howland and Tallcot families. Topics covered include education, philanthropy, abolition, and women's rights. Correspondents include Benjamin Howland, Hannah (Tallcot) Howland, William Howland, Slocum Howland, Phebe Tallcot, Richard Tallcot, Thomas J. Tallcot Joseph Tallcot, Edward Strange, Caroline F. Putnam, John Alsop, and many others.
- Howland, Emily, 1827-1929 (Person)
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Collection is open for research.
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Copyright and Rights Information
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Biographical / Historical
This collection includes the papers of Emily Howland (1827-1929), a Quaker educator and humanitarian who is particularly remembered for her work with formerly-enslaved African Americans in the South during and after the Civil War. The collection also contains family papers, surnames Howland and Tallcot.
The first Quaker Talcott (later changed to Tallcot to conform to pronunciation) was Nathan, the son of Governor Joseph Talcott of Connecticut. Nathan's son, Gaius, was a member of Nine Partners Monthly Meeting in Dutchess County, New York, and his son, Joseph, moved to Scipio, New York, and was the grandfather of Emily Howland.
The Howland family also moved to central New York from New England, where they had been persecuted for being members of the Society of Friends. Slocum Howland, the son of Benjamin and Mary (Slocum) Howland, married Hannah Tallcot at Scipio Monthly Meeting in 1821. They set up a household at Sherwood, Cayuga County, New York, and Slocum ran a general supply store with Thomas Alsop. The Howlands were committed abolitionists and may have been active in the Underground Railroad.
Their third child and only daughter, Emily, was born in 1827. She was educated locally and for a brief time in Philadelphia, and then left Sherwood in 1857 to teach at a school for the daughters of formerly enslaved people in Washington D.C.; during the Civil War, she worked at a “contraband camp” in Virginia, establishing a school there and coordinating relief activities. Her father died in 1881. After a sixteen month tour of Europe, Emily returned to Sherwood to contribute time and money to the maintenance of the Sherwood School. She continued to take an interest in a number of schools for African-American youth in the South and also was involved in women's suffrage and temperance. She was elected Director of the First National Bank of Aurora in 1891. Emily Howland never married, and died in Sherwood at the age of 101.
7 Linear Feet (17 boxes (plus photographs))
Emily Howland (1827-1929) was a Quaker humanitarian and educator who is particularly known for her work with formerly-enslaved African Americans in Virginia during and after the American Civil War. A birthright Friend, Emily Howland was the only daughter of Slocum and Hannah (Tallcot) Howland of Sherwood, N.Y. She was educated locally and for a brief period in Philadelphia, and then moved to Washington, D.C. in 1857 to teach at the Miner School for Freedmen. During the war she worked at a contraband camp in Virginia, establishing a school and coordinating relief activities. She returned to Sherwood after her father's death in 1881 and contributed time and money toward the maintenance of the Sherwood School. She continued her interest in the education of African-Americans in the south, and was also involved in woman suffrage and temperance. Emily Howland never married, and died in Sherwood at the age of 102. The collection contains correspondence, journals, other manuscripts, memorabilia, and pictures of Emily Howland and members of the Howland and Tallcot families. Topics covered include education, philanthropy, abolition, and women's rights. Correspondents include Benjamin Howland, Hannah (Tallcot) Howland, William Howland, Slocum Howland, Phebe Tallcot, Richard Tallcot, Thomas J. Tallcot, Joseph Tallcot, Edward Strange, Caroline F. Putnam, John Alsop, and many others.
The collection is divided into eight series:
- Biographical and genealogical
- Emily Howland Correspondence
- Family Correspondence
- Diaries and Journals
- Other writings
- Business and Financial
- Reference files
For current information on the location of materials, please consult the Library's online catalog.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Donors: Gift of William Slocum Howland and Louise Howland, 1955.
Gift of Phebe King, 1967-1979.
Gift of Isabel Kenrick, 1981.
Purchase, 1977 (scrapbook), 1986
The first group of papers was received from William Slocum Howland and Louise Howland in 1955. In 1967-1979, Phebe King, a former Principal of the Sherwood School, gave additional Howland manuscripts which had been sent to her by William S. Howland.
The following pictures, mostly photographs and original art, were originally received with the collection and then recatalogued as PA 115. Photographs were probably collected by Emily Howland. Negatives, if available, are filed with the original.
- Emily Howland
- Howland and Alsop families
- Howland Family Homes. Includes interiors and exteriors
- Other Sherwood locations, including Sherwood Select School and Orthodox Meeting House
- Postcards from travels of Emily Howland in Europe and U.S.
Photographs: Special Subjects of Interest to Emily Howland--Afro-Americans
- Persons. Includes Passmore Williamson, Harriet Tubman, Jennie Dean, N.P. Rogers, John Brown, and Charley (A slave boy from New Orleans)
- Schools. Includes a number of schools for blacks in the South from 1912 to 1915: High Point School (North Carolina), Holley School (Lottsburgh, Virginia), Howland School (Heathsville, Virginia), Kowaliga School, Montgomery Normal School (Alabama), Statesboro School (Georgia), Tuskegee Institute.
Photographs: Special Subjects of Interest to Emily Howland--Women Suffrage
- Persons. Includes Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Anna H. Shaw, Mary A. Livermore, Emmeline Parkhurts, Cornelia Hancock, and others.
- Organizations. Includes Cayuga County Political Equality Club, Lily Dale Woman's Da (1903).
- Pundita Ramabai. Includes photographs of Pundita Ramabai and some of the young widows whom she helped.
- Edward Strange. Includes a photograph of Edward Strange (1870) and some of his relatives.
- "From Arthur and Emily," Album of photos, primarily of Catskill region and New York City, 1915.
Original Art: Emily Howland
- Drawings of camp Todd, Va., 1865
- Miscellaneous sketches, 1854-1867, n.d.
- Sketchbook of Westminster Abby, 1884
- Photographs of her paintings currently in private collections, n.d.
Original Art: Sarah Alsop
- Drawing of "Old Grant," 1870 (folder also includes oil on cardboard of same subject, painted by same artist?)
Original Art: Horace Howland
- Watercolors of Howland Family
- Breault, Judith Colucci. The World of Emily Howland: Odyssey of a Humanitarian. Millbrae, CA: Les Femmes, 1976 (FHL BX7796.H857B7 1976).
- Gaffney, Patricia H. (ed.). The Emily Howland Papers at Cornell University. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Libraries, 1975.
The first group of papers was received from William Slocum Howland and Louise Howland in 1955, as arranged by Henrietta Jacquette, a friend of FHL; this group was reported to NUCMC as 66-1930. In 1967, 1973, and 1979, Phebe King, a former Principal of the Sherwood School, gave additional Howland manuscripts (NUCMC 69-1802) which had been sent to her by William S. Howland.
During reprocessing in 1988 it was discovered that these collections had the same provenance, and a decision was made to recombine the materials into a single Record Group 5, together with later purchases.
In January 2003, the collection was transferred to new acid-free boxes and a new finding aid produced with a complete folder list. Boxes were consolidated, and old Series 6, Pictures, was transferred to FHL Picture Collection, PA 115.
- African Americans -- Education
- Antislavery movements
- Cayuga County (N.Y.)
- Howland family
- Quaker women
- Quaker women -- Education
- Quakers -- Diaries
- Quakers -- Education
- Quakers -- New York (State)
- Quakers -- Social life and customs
- Quakers -- Social service
- Quakers -- Social service
- Talcott family
- Women -- Education
- Women -- Suffrage
- Howland, Emily, 1827-1929 (Person)
- Scipio Monthly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1828-1886 : Scipio, N.Y.) (Contributor, Organization)
- Sherwood Select School (Sherwood, N.Y.) (Contributor, Organization)
- Howland, Emily, 1827-1929 (Contributor, Person)
- Howland, William, 1823-1905 (Contributor, Person)
- Howland, Benjamin, 1837-1882 (Contributor, Person)
- Strange, Edward, d. 1872 (Contributor, Person)
- Putnam, Caroline F., 1826-1917 (Contributor, Person)
- Howland, Hannah T. (Hannah Tallcot), 1796-1867 (Contributor, Person)
- Tallcot, Phebe F., 1799-1870 (Contributor, Person)
- Tallcot, Richard, b.1791 (Contributor, Person)
- Alsop, John , b.1813 (Contributor, Person)
- Howland, Slocum, 1794-1881 (Contributor, Person)
- Tallcot, Joseph, 1768-1853 (Contributor, Person)
- Scipio Executive Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1886-1924 : Scipio, N.Y.) (Contributor, Organization)
- An Inventory of the Emily Howland Family Papers, 1763-1929
- FHL staff
- 1955, 1988
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- Encoding made possible by a grant by the Gladys Kriebel Delmas Foundation to the Philadelphia Consortium of Special Collections Libraries
- 2020: Updated outdated, harmful terminology related to enslavement, except where it appears in a title, quotation, or subject heading.
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