World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious Objectors -- United States
Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings
Found in 11 Collections and/or Records:
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Ayres, Lew
Scope and Contents Records of contributions and related correspondence of the Civilian Public Service Fund Committee of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (Hicksite), 1941-1945.
Overview This collection consists primarily of the publications of conscientious objectors (COs) working at Civilian Public Service (CPS) camps in the United States during World War II, performing "work of national importance" in lieu of combat. Camps were established for various purposes, from firefighting in the rural West to caring for mental patients and the elderly. The publications cover areas across the United States, although are focused in the Northeast, Upper Midwest, and California. Two...
Overview This collection includes information about multiple generations of the Elkinton and Waring families. It is concentrated on two generations: firstly, that of Howard West Elkinton (1892-1955) and Katharine Wistar Mason Elkinton (1892/3-1961), his wife, and secondly, that of their daughter, Theodora Elkinton (1927-) who married Thomas Waring (1921-2001). It is a story of life choices made by these Quakers: for Howard and Katharine Elkinton, to serve under the American Friends Service Committee in...
Overview Edward W. Evans (1882-1976) was a Quaker leader and lawyer active in the educational and peace concerns of the Society of Friends. The collection primarily contains papers compiled by Edward W. Evans during his time as Secretary of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (Orthodox), from 1938-1946. Of particular interest are the materials concerning Civilian Public Service. The collection is significant in its documentation of pacifist attitudes and the ways in which the Society of Friends was active...
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Felmet, Joseph
Abstract Collection includes two letters from Felmet; bulk of collection is photocopies regarding Felmet's draft resistance and civil rights work; also includes a photocopy of Felmet's FBI files.
Dates: Majority of material found within 1943-1994
Overview Nelson Fuson was a physicist and educator, active in Quaker concerns. The collection contains extensive correspondence and papers concerning his service as a conscientious objector in Civilian Public Service during World War II. As the child of missionaries to China, his hope was to do relief service in China, and many of the papers deal with CPS China Units. However, the China Units were never activated and Fuson was assigned to camps in Maryland, Indiana, New York, and North Dakota. He also...
Overview The collection relates primarily to William Huntington, (1907-1990), a 20th century Quaker peace activist and the ship The Golden Rule which Huntington and others used to protest atomic testing in the South Pacific. Included are correspondence, photographs, conference papers, newspaper articles, memoranda, and minutes.
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Reilly, Joseph W.
Abstract The collection includes information about the Eastern Pennsylvania Youth Council, the Friendship Cooperative House, the conference of the National Youth Assembly Against Universal Military Training, Washington D.C. February 15-16, 1948, the Philadelphia Resist Conscription Committee, the Philadelphia Youth Council to Oppose Conscription, the Philadelphia Town Meeting of Youth and Vets, and the Veterans Commission on Court-Martial Cases.
Dates: Majority of material found within 1945-1950
Overview This collection contains the letters of Reed Smith during his time in Civilian Public Serice camps as a Conscientious Objector during World War II and during his relief work in France, Germany, and Poland after the war with the American Friends Service Committee.