Found in 20 Collections and/or Records:
"War Unlawful to Christians"
This anonymous manuscript, entitled "War Unlawful to Christians," argues for pacifism, citing biblical and historical evidence that war is inherently evil, and as such, is a product of the devil.
Iwao Frederick Ayusawa papers
Iwao Frederick Ayusawa (1894-1972) spent much of his life working with the International Labor Organization, and later served as a faculty member of the International Christian University in Japan. The collection consists primarily of personal letters, speaking of his belief in pacifism and his work in Geneva and Japan.
Harold J. Chance papers
Christian Arbitration and Peace Society Records
The Christian Arbitration and Peace Society was founded in 1886 in Philadelphia as a branch of the American Peace Society.
Civilian Public Service publications
Samuel Cooper papers
This collection is comprised of five folders of materials related to Samuel Cooper's conscientious objection to WWII. The collection includes Cooper's correspondence with political leaders, court officials, organizations for religious objection, and his family members in the months leading to the war, during the period of his arrest and imprisonment, and for the remainder of the war.
"War Taxes: The Experience of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Quakers, 1681-1800"
The manuscript of Elaine Crauderueff's thesis for a Master of Arts in religious studies provides an overview of religious background of Quaker pacifism, including Quaker relationships with government authorities and the Peace Testimony of 1660. It also describes Quakers in the legislature, consequences of Quaker pacifism, and war taxes from 1750 to 1800, particularly those in Pennsylvania and in the colonies during the Revolutionary War period.
Henry and Elizabeth Drinker letters
"War Inconsistent with the Christian Character"
Thomas Greene's manuscript, entitled "War Inconsistent with the Christian Character," discusses the "pacific sentiments" of Quakers.
Leon Kanegis papers
The papers of Quaker Leon Kenagis who deliberated over some of the challenging issues of the 20th century, such as civil rights, religion and education.