Skip to main content

Epistulae; Adversus Vigilantium; and De Perpetua virginitate beatae mariae adversus Helvidium, 1435

Identifier: MS 55


This is an exceptionally interesting collection of texts by Saint Jerome, still in its original binding and signed and dated at numerous intervals by the scribe, Johannes Tyrolf, providing valuable evidence on how fast scribes wrote. Tyrolf signed at least five other manuscripts. It includes unpublished marginal comments, as well as an original subject index, copied by the main scribe in a formal hand and could be an invaluable source for studies of the reception of Jerome’s works, as well as for the history of education in general, in fifteenthcentury Germany.

Table of contents: Brief extracts, citing Hugh of Fouilloy, De claustro animae, Isidore, De Summo bono, and the Bible, among other texts; Numbered list of contents; Notes on events in the life of Jerome and Augustine; Johannes de Deo (c. 1190-1269) cited in the last extract was the author of a treatise on penance; Jerome, Epistula 12; Jerome, Epistula 125; Jerome, Epistula 52; Jerome, Epistula 14; Jerome, Epistula 58; Ps. Jerome, Epistula Sup. 42; Jerome, Epistula 69; Jerome, Epistula 76; Jerome, Epistula 25; Jerome, Epistula 44; Jerome, Epistula 117; Jerome, Epistula 39; Jerome, Epistula 65; Jerome, Epistula 145; Jerome, Epistula 62; Jerome, Epistula 83; Jerome, Epistula 84; Jerome, Epistula 61; Jerome, Epistula 109; Jerome, Adversus Vigilantium; Jerome, Epistula 1; Jerome, Epistula 57; Jerome, De perpetua Virginitate Beatae Mariae, adversus Helvidium; Ps.-Jerome, Epistula 31; Jerome, Epistula 46; Ps. Jerome, Ep. 32; Jerome, Epistula 147 (a contemporary hand corrected the rubric, ad Sabinianum); Jerome, Epistula 54; Jerome, letter 148; Jerome, Epistula 107; Alphabetical subject index with references to the number of the text and marginal letters; spaces left blank for additions; Twenty-two very short paragraphs with extracts and comments on various works by Jerome;


  • 1435


1 Volumes



Greek, Ancient (to 1453)

Custodial History

Copied in 1435 by a known scribe, Johannes Tyrolf (who also signed his name "Tyrell"), in Southern Germany, and presumably in Regensburg where Tyrolf lived. The manuscript is signed by the scribe numerous times: fol. 3, upper margin, "Johannes Tyrell propria manus"; fol. 145v, with the date, 1435 on the feast of St. Erasmus (June 2); fol. 159, 1435, on the feast of St. Alban (June 22); fol. 178, 1435, on feast of John and Paul (June 26); and fol. 201, with the date, 1435, and a verse colophon; belonged to the Ritter-Waldauf-Bibliothek; inside front cover, in ink, "Waldaufficae fundationis, 1596"; their stamp, now mostly effaced, fol. 1 (pointed oval stamped in blue ink, outline only remains)

Other related names

  1. Jerome, Saint, -419 or 420

Other related names

  1. Tyrolf, Johannes, scribe
  2. Ritter-Waldauf-Bibliothek, former owner

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Purchased for Bryn Mawr College Library from the Seymour Adelman and Howard Lehman Goodhart Funds.

Related Materials

A digitized version of this manuscript can be found online at:

Physical Description

Back cover broken off, with subsequent damage to the last three leaves. Fol. 214 with losses barely touching text; fol. 215 with the loss of one quarter of the text; fol. 216 with loss of half of the text.

Paper support.

Original binding of wooden boards, cut flush with the book block, covered with red leather, flat spine with three raised bands, sewn on three double cords, tail bands now missing but the thread once wound around it is extant, impressions from two clasps visible on the upper board, in fragile condition, front cover scuffed and worn at the edges, partially detached (only attached by bottom cord), back cover mostly missing with only a small fragment of the broken board, partially covered in red leather, remaining, early modern paper label added on the bottom of the spine, with “G. 21” written in ink.

216; 460 x 111 mm bound to 510 x 113 mm.

Twenty to twenty-four lines frame-ruled in ink with all four bounding lines full length; written area: 95-92 x 60-58 mm; with extensive marginal notes and apparatus.

Hybrida script.

Guide letters visible within many initials, majuscules within text highlighted in red, red running titles including Arabic numerals numbering each text, red paragraph marks and underlining within text, three- to two-line red initials, many with decorative extensions.

Modern foliation.

Find It at the Library

Most of the materials in this catalog are not digitized and can only be accessed in person. Please see our website for more information about visiting or requesting reproductions from Bryn Mawr College Library

Bryn Mawr College Library
101 N. Merion Avenue
Bryn Mawr 19010 USA US